You forgot to quote the important part of what I said which I will quote below. Btw, I said Germany, not the EU.Doesn't Nikon only use Japanese sourced products? So US/CN/EU/JP?
Japan isn't technology independent enough to fully develop all the parts and technologies in their DUV lithographs even though they may be made and sourced in Japan. It's only because they aren't sanctioned under theIf you had them going it alone, as in they were being technologically sanctioned like China, then only the USA and China would be able to do it. ASML is a microcosm of this. It is basically a systems integrator. Without the support of the most advanced industrial countries, ASML would be nowhere.
It's actually absolutely amazing that China has come as far as it has considering all the organized international sanctions and undeclared technology blockades it's been subjected to.