Chinese semiconductor industry


Weaasel

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China sets eyes on advanced chip production​

By Guo Yiming
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E-mailChina.org.cn, May 10, 2021
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An exhibition booth of China's Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) was seen at the China International Semiconductor Exhibition 2020 in Shanghai, Oct. 14, 2020. [Photo/CFP]
China's semiconductor industry is speeding up its development of advanced chips as the homegrown 28 nanometer (nm) process is set to enter mass production this year, while the 14 nm process aims to follow suit next year, according to multiple sources.
In the industry, 28 nm is the dividing line between low-to-mid range and mid-to-high end integrated circuit (IC) manufacturing.
Besides chips for central processing units, graphics processing units and artificial intelligence, other mainstream industrial products such as televisions, air conditioners, automobiles, high-speed trains, satellites, industrial robots, elevators and drones are the most common applications for the 28 nm technology process.
"China urgently needs to move toward mid-to-high end chip production, and being able to produce 28 nm chips means that it can meet most of the demand for chips without relying on other countries," said Teng Ran, head of the Integrated Circuit Industry Research Center of CCID Consulting, a firm affiliated with a think tank under the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT).
According to Teng, as the 14 nm chipmaking process matures next year, Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) will join the ranks of Intel, TSMC and Samsung as the first Chinese company to acquire the 14 nm technology and put it into mass production.
Teng said that SMIC's 14 nm process will be applied in the areas of 5G technology and high-performance computing, and can largely meet the demand.
China's breakthrough in advanced chipmaking comes at a time when SMIC and other Chinese tech companies are facing major trade restrictions enforced by the United States.
Last year, progress in Chinese chip manufacturing technologies exceeded expectations domestically with breakthroughs in millimeter waves for 5G and the successful tape-out of SMIC's FinFET N+1 process chip.
China's IC industry is transforming from high-speed development to high-quality development, Teng said.
According to estimates from the Chinese semiconductor industry, China's IC sales reached 884.8 billion yuan in 2020, representing an average annual growth rate of 20%, and three times the growth rate of the global IC industry during the same period, said Tian Yulong, chief engineer and spokesperson of the MIIT, at a press conference on March 1.
The IC industry in China achieved impressive and consistent growth during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020), with significant improvements to manufacturing techniques, packaging technologies and key equipment materials, said Tian.
"Companies also grew steadily, a number of which emerged as global leaders in design, manufacturing, packaging and testing, and other links on the industrial chain," Tian added.
While having made progress on multiple fronts, Teng admitted that China is still playing catch-up when it comes to more advanced chip development. He called for more international collaboration as the IC industry is truly a global industry and no country should be isolated from the industry chain.
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ansy1968

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China sets eyes on advanced chip production​

By Guo Yiming
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E-mailChina.org.cn, May 10, 2021
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An exhibition booth of China's Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) was seen at the China International Semiconductor Exhibition 2020 in Shanghai, Oct. 14, 2020. [Photo/CFP]
China's semiconductor industry is speeding up its development of advanced chips as the homegrown 28 nanometer (nm) process is set to enter mass production this year, while the 14 nm process aims to follow suit next year, according to multiple sources.
In the industry, 28 nm is the dividing line between low-to-mid range and mid-to-high end integrated circuit (IC) manufacturing.
Besides chips for central processing units, graphics processing units and artificial intelligence, other mainstream industrial products such as televisions, air conditioners, automobiles, high-speed trains, satellites, industrial robots, elevators and drones are the most common applications for the 28 nm technology process.
"China urgently needs to move toward mid-to-high end chip production, and being able to produce 28 nm chips means that it can meet most of the demand for chips without relying on other countries," said Teng Ran, head of the Integrated Circuit Industry Research Center of CCID Consulting, a firm affiliated with a think tank under the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT).
According to Teng, as the 14 nm chipmaking process matures next year, Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) will join the ranks of Intel, TSMC and Samsung as the first Chinese company to acquire the 14 nm technology and put it into mass production.
Teng said that SMIC's 14 nm process will be applied in the areas of 5G technology and high-performance computing, and can largely meet the demand.
China's breakthrough in advanced chipmaking comes at a time when SMIC and other Chinese tech companies are facing major trade restrictions enforced by the United States.
Last year, progress in Chinese chip manufacturing technologies exceeded expectations domestically with breakthroughs in millimeter waves for 5G and the successful tape-out of SMIC's FinFET N+1 process chip.
China's IC industry is transforming from high-speed development to high-quality development, Teng said.
According to estimates from the Chinese semiconductor industry, China's IC sales reached 884.8 billion yuan in 2020, representing an average annual growth rate of 20%, and three times the growth rate of the global IC industry during the same period, said Tian Yulong, chief engineer and spokesperson of the MIIT, at a press conference on March 1.
The IC industry in China achieved impressive and consistent growth during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020), with significant improvements to manufacturing techniques, packaging technologies and key equipment materials, said Tian.
"Companies also grew steadily, a number of which emerged as global leaders in design, manufacturing, packaging and testing, and other links on the industrial chain," Tian added.
While having made progress on multiple fronts, Teng admitted that China is still playing catch-up when it comes to more advanced chip development. He called for more international collaboration as the IC industry is truly a global industry and no country should be isolated from the industry chain.
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@Weaasel bro this confirm what @foofy and @WTAN had posted, indigenous 28nm this year , 14nm next year and hopefully 7nm in 2023. While SMIC 14nm in mass production, N+1 this year and hopefully N+2 next year using ASML DUVL, a two prong approach.
 

Weaasel

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› ...PDF
China's Progress in Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment

This report is an American based analysis on China's semiconductor and IC chip manufacturing equipment (SME) capabilities. It also gives recommended strategies by the US and its allies to try to prevent or a least limit and slow the progress of China's progress in SME manufacturing.

As I and many others have been saying, it is not a question of economics rationality. When one is faced with an adversary or adversary that seeks to prevent one's progress and has the influence to scare or prevent others from assisting oneself, one has to be THOROUGHLY self reliant. With regards to IC chip manufacturing and semiconductor manufacturing equipment and other categories of highly advanced technology, such as single crystal turbine blades, China must have the CAPABILITY of producing such items of technology to a very high level. The entirety of the supply and manufacturing chain with regards to IC chips and SMEs must be located in China. It does not matter whether it is market rational or not.
 

krautmeister

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@Weaasel bro this confirm what @foofy and @WTAN had posted, indigenous 28nm this year , 14nm next year and hopefully 7nm in 2023. While SMIC 14nm in mass production, N+1 this year and hopefully N+2 next year using ASML DUVL, a two prong approach.
This news report only confirms there are journalists and others, such as CIA, NED and other anti-China types in these forums and others like it which they consider their "SECRET" sources. I have actually seen news posted here first to then later be reported in the mainstream news and ultimately turn out to be false rumors. For those anti-China types, aka...."journalists", NED/CIA operatives, think tank "experts", their paranoia and often racism is very often partially driven and sourced from people shooting the sh*t on forums like this. LOL
 
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ansy1968

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This news report only confirms there are journalists and others, such as CIA, NED and other anti-China types in these forums and others like it which they consider their "SECRET" sources. I have actually seen news posted here first to then later be reported in the mainstream news and ultimately turn out to be false rumors. For those anti-China types, aka...."journalists", NED/CIA operatives, think tank "experts", their paranoia and often racism is very often partially driven and sourced from people shooting the sh*t on forums like this. LOL
@krautmeister Sir, that is why I loved this thread...LOL, I'm thankful that we had esteem knowledgeable members with inside scoop to inform us and make valuable contribution, ;) it made this forum stand out.
 

caudaceus

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This news report only confirms there are journalists and others, such as CIA, NED and other anti-China types in these forums and others like it which they consider their "SECRET" sources. I have actually seen news posted here first to then later be reported in the mainstream news and ultimately turn out to be false rumors. For those anti-China types, aka...."journalists", NED/CIA operatives, think tank "experts", their paranoia and often racism is very often partially driven and sourced from people shooting the sh*t on forums like this. LOL
The most important question is,
Can chinese semicon companies achieve US-free or even Chinese-only supply chain?
The Nikkei articles kind of doubt that. If China managed to do it, that will be wonderful.
 

Xsizor

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@WTAN and others
It'd be really helpful if you can offer what you know about the imaging sensor manufacturing capability. Sony continues to lead (But Samsung is trying to catchup with their Isocell).
 

Weaasel

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Via vincent Havok posting

Havok: fully domesticated test line is being run right now. 28nm lithography equipment will be delivered to the production line at the end of this year. The production line’s capacity is 20k wafer per month

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20000片/月

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Quote



年底是交付大生产线,不是上验证线。
Google trans
If the prototype can be on the verification line before the end of 2021, verify, debug, and eliminate BUG, it will take 1 year at the earliest for everything to go smoothly, and then the commercial version... At the end of the year, it is the delivery of the large production line, not the verification line.
Having domestically made 28 nm lithographic equipment production lines churning will make China thoroughly self reliant in what for several years at least will be essential IC chips as those for the automotive sector and those for 5G telecommunications base stations.
 

Weaasel

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The power consumption and performance difference between 7nm and 2nm is basically not worth it due to the increased design cost, except in the case of smartphones. One promising field is the use of graphene wafers which has potential performance attributes supposedly up to 10 times higher than silicon on the same process. I don't know how much of that is hype, but it's something China should be doing more research on during the catch up stage.

Producing graphene in large quantities is presently very expensive because of the nature of the predominant energy infrastructure of fossil fuels: highly inefficient and also scarce. When non fossil fuel sources such as solar and wind power (highly abundant) and nuclear fission power (extremely efficient) begin to clearly dominate, their very nature of very high abundance and extreme efficiency will bring about a great drop in production prices of all goods and services made or and ultimately begotten from them. China has been steadily marching and continues towards that path for more than one decade. The 2010s saw a highly substantial decrease in the share of fossil fuels in China's installed power capacity and energy consumption, while total electricity capacity and consumption also greatly increased. By 2030, it is probable that nuclear and renewables will account for both more than half the installed electrical power generating capacity of China and the source of electrical energy consumption. One can also expect much improved battery storage capabilities for solar energy conversion to electricity by that time.
 

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