News on China's scientific and technological development.


ahho

Junior Member
Well China have been at War and occupation. In one way, I understand why people feel that lost of cultural values in China is sad, but people tend to forget that war, occupation and hardship is what forged China. China have been through different time era, and each era has cause China to innovate or revert to an end of each dynasty (when they are backwards and ignore innovation). Remember that, although some old practice were lost, some of the bad ones were banned also. Old tradition comes and goes and new one will take over. You can see a big leap from Confucius era to modern era, which is vastly a good thing.

Yes businessman tend to be money and material oriented, but this goes the same the oversea Chinese. Also when people were praying to the ancestors or practicing tradition, it was sometime frown upon around during the 70s~90s by young Hong Kong people as superstitious and backward.

Well I am getting off topic.

FT-2000/64 CPU, really intrigues me. There are thousands of order (which is good in term of sales) I wonder what ARM server mostly host (file server maybe)

About the funding of Chinese Science project, I am wondering if China would be funding science fair for students at different stages of schooling (ie, elementary, high-school and post secondary (not just universities)). In a way, this would promote science and a shotgun approach in finding breakthroughs in methodology at applying science
 

nugroho

Junior Member
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Source: Xinhua | 2016-08-24 12:08:35 | Editor: huaxia

View attachment 31067
FT-2000/64 CPU,designed by Phytium Technology Co. Ltd, a Chinese integrated circuit design firm. (Xinhua Photo)

SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 23 (Xinhua) -- Phytium Technology Co. Ltd., a Chinese integrated circuit (IC) design firm, has unveiled its latest product, a 64-core central processing unit (CPU), and a related prototype computer server at a technology event in Silicon Valley.

The company, based in Tianjin, northern China, claims that its FT-2000/64 CPU, with 4.8 billion transistors on a die 25.20 millimeters in width and 25.38 millimeters in length within a chip package 55 millimeters in width and 55 millimeters in length, is the first of its kind adopting the Advanced RISC Machine (ARM) architecture.

As RISC stands for reduced instruction set computer, the ARM architecture results in processors, as the heart of computers, with relatively less number of transistors and therefore reduced cost, heat and power use.

At Hot Chips, an annual symposium on high performance computer chips co-sponsored by the U.S. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), in Cupertino, northern California, from Sunday through Tuesday, engineers from Phytium said the new CPU chip, with 64-bit arithmetic compatible with ARMv8 instructions, is able to perform 512 billion floating-point operations per second (FLOPS) at base frequency of 2.0 GHz and on 100 watts of power dissipation.

While the architecture is licensed from ARM Holdings, a British company, Phytium has designed its own cores, known as FTC661s, which are the units that read and execute program instructions, such as add, move data and branch, to be integrated into the chip, enabling it to run multiple instructions at the same time in what is called parallel computing.

One of major CPU developers in China, Phytium's previous CPU series integrate either 4 or 16 cores.

Shying off comparing its products with more typical complex instruction set computing (CISC) x86 processors, such as those manufactured by Intel Corporation, one of the world's largest chip makers based on revenue, Phytium says the FT-2000/64 is so far the best in the ARM category.

According to a sales respresentative, Phytium has provided thousands of CPUs to system builders that supply equipment for government institutions, telecommunication businesses, banks and public utilities in China, and its latest chip is expected to be used in high-throughput and high-performance servers.
maybe this is one of many reason Softbank in a rush to buy ARM
 

ahojunk

Senior Member
First, they have driverless cars, now subway. What's next?

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2016-08-29 13:11 | Xinhua Editor: Xu Shanshan

China's first driverless subway line, the Yanfang line in southwest Beijing, is expected to start operations at the end of 2017, the People's Daily reported Monday.

Operations on the line will be fully automatic, including train departures, door opening and closing, and cleaning, said the report. The trains will only use domestic technology.

China started developing its own fully automatic subway system in 2010 and has mastered the core technologies, said the report.

Beijing subway lines 3, 12, 17, 19 and the new airport line are all under planning and will also operate with completely automated, driverless trains.

It is expected that the total length of fully-automated subway lines in Beijing will reach 300 km by 2020, said the report.

The development and use of domestic operation systems is part of the "Made in China 2025" initiative, which aims to comprehensively upgrade Chinese industry.

The move will also help strengthen China's presence in the global rail transport industry and ensure the security of the country's key infrastructure facilities.
 

ahojunk

Senior Member
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ZTE.jpg

NEW DELHI: China-based smartphone and telecom equipment giant ZTE said that it has successfully completed phase-1 tests of key 5G wireless technologies as part of China’s 5G testing.

During the tests, ZTE took the lead in verifying key 5G high and low frequency technologies, and passed all tests of multiple key air interface technologies, including high-frequency communications, multi-user shared access (MUSA), new waveforms, and massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO). ZTE also verified its unique tagging technologies, highlighting its existing expertise in research and development (R&D) as well as its strength in the 5G field.

“China’s 5G testing is the world’s first 5G test guided and planned by the government, led by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT), and implemented by China’s IMT-2020 (5G) promotion group. The overall testing is divided into two phases: technology R&D tests from 2016 to 2018, and product R&D tests from 2018 to 2020,” the company said.

“The technology R&D testing can be further divided into three phases: key technology verification, technical solution verification, and system verification. China’s 5G test involves comprehensive research and demonstration of key 5G technologies, and promotes the standardisation of competitive solutions, to accelerate the industrialisation process and achieve the goals of commercial 5G use in 2020,” it said.

“High-frequency communication is one of the key 5G technologies. ZTE is the first vendor to complete high-frequency tests both in indoor and outdoor coverage scenarios, and is also the first vendor performing 5G high-frequency field tests as well as mobile beam tracking field tests,” a statement said.

“Test results showed that ZTE’s high-frequency prototype performed well in various indoor and outdoor line of sight (LOS) and non-LOS scenarios, with the single-user peak rate reaching Gbps level. In addition, this prototype supports automatic beam capture and beam tracking, as well as adaptive beam switching depending on channel quality, indicating ZTE’s industry-leading position in high-frequency prototyping technologies,” it added.

ZTE successfully passed all key air interface technology test requirements. By introducing short spreading codes into the complex field, the MUSA technology proposed by ZTE is the industry’s only multi-access solution allowing for grant-free transmission and high overload, which is of great significance for future high-capacity 5G internet of things (IoT) scenarios.

Test results showed that, compared with long term evolution (LTE), MUSA supports random escape under 300 percent overload conditions in uplink grant-free transmission tests, achieving strong and stable performance indicators. In terms of new waveforms, the FB-orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (FB-OFDM) technology fully utilises scattered narrowband resources to meet the needs of different types of services for, lowers requirements for time domain and frequency domain synchronisation, and allows for low-cost terminal access. The interference power of the FB-OFDM for adjacent bands is significantly lower than that of the CP-OFDM.

Massive MIMO technology uses the innovative concepts of pilot beam and adaptive codebook feedback, achieving a spectral efficiency four to six times higher than traditional macro base stations.

Bo Gang, ZTE’s general manager of 5G products, said, “As a global pioneer in the 5G field, ZTE has been conducting comprehensive research and investing heavily in core key 5G technologies. In full support of China’s 5G strategies, ZTE spares no efforts to promote the research of 5G technologies as well as industrial development, aiming to become one of the first suppliers of commercial 5G equipment, and laying a solid foundation for the commercial launch of 5G in 2020.”
 

delft

Brigadier
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View attachment 31323

NEW DELHI: China-based smartphone and telecom equipment giant ZTE said that it has successfully completed phase-1 tests of key 5G wireless technologies as part of China’s 5G testing.

During the tests, ZTE took the lead in verifying key 5G high and low frequency technologies, and passed all tests of multiple key air interface technologies, including high-frequency communications, multi-user shared access (MUSA), new waveforms, and massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO). ZTE also verified its unique tagging technologies, highlighting its existing expertise in research and development (R&D) as well as its strength in the 5G field.

“China’s 5G testing is the world’s first 5G test guided and planned by the government, led by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT), and implemented by China’s IMT-2020 (5G) promotion group. The overall testing is divided into two phases: technology R&D tests from 2016 to 2018, and product R&D tests from 2018 to 2020,” the company said.

“The technology R&D testing can be further divided into three phases: key technology verification, technical solution verification, and system verification. China’s 5G test involves comprehensive research and demonstration of key 5G technologies, and promotes the standardisation of competitive solutions, to accelerate the industrialisation process and achieve the goals of commercial 5G use in 2020,” it said.

“High-frequency communication is one of the key 5G technologies. ZTE is the first vendor to complete high-frequency tests both in indoor and outdoor coverage scenarios, and is also the first vendor performing 5G high-frequency field tests as well as mobile beam tracking field tests,” a statement said.

“Test results showed that ZTE’s high-frequency prototype performed well in various indoor and outdoor line of sight (LOS) and non-LOS scenarios, with the single-user peak rate reaching Gbps level. In addition, this prototype supports automatic beam capture and beam tracking, as well as adaptive beam switching depending on channel quality, indicating ZTE’s industry-leading position in high-frequency prototyping technologies,” it added.

ZTE successfully passed all key air interface technology test requirements. By introducing short spreading codes into the complex field, the MUSA technology proposed by ZTE is the industry’s only multi-access solution allowing for grant-free transmission and high overload, which is of great significance for future high-capacity 5G internet of things (IoT) scenarios.

Test results showed that, compared with long term evolution (LTE), MUSA supports random escape under 300 percent overload conditions in uplink grant-free transmission tests, achieving strong and stable performance indicators. In terms of new waveforms, the FB-orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (FB-OFDM) technology fully utilises scattered narrowband resources to meet the needs of different types of services for, lowers requirements for time domain and frequency domain synchronisation, and allows for low-cost terminal access. The interference power of the FB-OFDM for adjacent bands is significantly lower than that of the CP-OFDM.

Massive MIMO technology uses the innovative concepts of pilot beam and adaptive codebook feedback, achieving a spectral efficiency four to six times higher than traditional macro base stations.

Bo Gang, ZTE’s general manager of 5G products, said, “As a global pioneer in the 5G field, ZTE has been conducting comprehensive research and investing heavily in core key 5G technologies. In full support of China’s 5G strategies, ZTE spares no efforts to promote the research of 5G technologies as well as industrial development, aiming to become one of the first suppliers of commercial 5G equipment, and laying a solid foundation for the commercial launch of 5G in 2020.”
So now we can expect 5G networks to appear in a few years time all over the World except in countries where ZTE is not allowed to operate like US? ;)
 

ahojunk

Senior Member
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Source: Xinhua 2016-08-30 21:17:09

BEIJING, Aug. 30 (Xinhua) -- China will set up around 40 national manufacturing innovation centers by 2025, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) said on Tuesday.

The centers will be devoted to information technology, intelligent manufacturing, new materials and biomedicine. Around 15 will be established by 2020.

The MIIT has promised to improve the intellectual property management system to promote cooperation and profit sharing between centers.

To build a better manufacturing sector, China came up with the "Made in China 2025" plan last year, to shift the country away from low-end manufacturing to more value-added production.

China's value-added industrial output grew 6.1 percent in 2015, lower than the 8.3-percent growth in 2014. Manufacturing output expanded 7 percent, 2.4 percentage points lower than the previous year.
 

taxiya

Major
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I remember getting into a lot of heated debates on the internet with people where a competitor country to China would brag about how they had the best programmers in the world and computers would not work without them.
interesting. Another example of myth busted. One should never trust too much of what is seen on the surface, in-depth data statistic in many different angles is always more trustworthy and surprising. Electronic and Aero Jet manufacturing are two other areas that I am sure will surprise many.
 

A.Man

Major
Which country has the best programmers? Hint: It's not the US
In a study of hundreds of thousands of programmers, China and Russia were found to produce the best software developers.

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If you ever wondered about which country produces the best programmers, wonder no more.

A new
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from California-based HackerRank, a service that administers tests to developers around the world, says it's China.

Second place goes to Russia, and Poland takes bronze. Traditional programming powerhouses like the US and India came in at 28th and 31st, respectively.

HackerRank offers its community of programmers, apparently 1.5 million strong, with challenges to hone their skills. It examined data from these challenges from the last few years to come up with the rankings, scoring developers from different countries and finding national averages.
 

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