The relation between China and the neighboring country


Hendrik_2000

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  • #192
Can someone with more knowledge is south east Asia countries tell me what this is all about.

The thing I don't get is who's the king and if what. Why is he Chinese? And the obligatory white judge just did it for me.

Although someone said it's an clip from a Hong Kong movie. That might explain it.

Chinese settlement in Borneo dated from long time ago around the first half of 18th century In fact the first Chinese republic in not Sun Yat Sen Chinese republic but Lan fang. The West Borneo declare republic and founded by Hakka people. Unfortunately the Dutch put an end to the new found republic


The Lanfang Republic (
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:
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;
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: 兰芳共和国;
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: Lánfāng Gònghéguó,
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: Làn-fông Khiung-fò-koet) was a Chinese
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and
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in Western
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. It was established by a
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named
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[
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] in 1777, until it was ended by
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in 1884. It was one of many
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of
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. The Lanfang Republic was one of the earliest modern republics in the world.



Arrival of the Chinese
See also:
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The
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of
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imported Chinese laborers in the 18th century to work in
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or
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. A number of mining companies (
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) enjoyed some political autonomy,
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but Lanfang is the best known thanks to a history written by
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, the son-in-law of the last
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of the Lanfang kongsi, which was translated into
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in 1885.
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None of the other Chinese mining settlements in western Kalimantan left written accounts.
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Rule of Low Lan Pak
The founding father of the Lanfang Republic was Low Lan Pak, who hailed from
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in
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. Chinese settlers have long lived in
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island, with most engaging in trading and mining. They formed their own companies, among which was the Southern Company headed by Low.

As Dutch
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encroached upon modern-day Indonesia, Low established the Lanfang Republic in 1777 (with its capital in East Wanjin) to protect the Chinese settlers from Dutch oppression.
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The settlers subsequently elected Low as their inaugural president. Low implemented many democratic principles, including the idea that all matters of state must involve the consultation of the republic's citizenry. He also created a comprehensive set of executive, legislative, and judicial agencies. The Republic did not have a standing military, but had a defense ministry that administered a national militia based on
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. During peacetime, the populace mostly engaged in farming, production, trading, and mining. Lanfang's administrative divisions included three tiers (province, prefecture, and county) with the people electing leaders for all levels. Lanfang was allied with Sultan Abdurrahman of the
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.
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Although Low discarded the ancient institutions of
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and dynastic succession, he continued to adhere to many Chinese traditions. For example, he established the founding year of the republic as the first year of the calendar. Moreover, he submitted a report to the
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notifying him about the Republic's founding and paid tribute to the Chinese
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.

Low served as head of state until his death in 1795. Afterwards, Lanfang citizens elected Jiang Wubo (江戊伯) as their next president. Lanfang citizens elected a total of twelve leaders, who helped improve agricultural techniques, expand mine production, develop cultural education, and organize military training. These measures allowed Lanfang to increase its wealth and power, which encouraged the non-Chinese indigenous population to pledge their allegiances to Lanfang.

Dutch conquest
In the mid-to-late 19th century, the Chinese
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weakened substantially and became increasingly unable to support the Lanfang Republic as its vassal state. Thus, Lanfang Republic's vigorous development suffered from the eventual expansion of the Dutch. The Republic's citizenry waged a tenacious resistance, but ultimately failed due to poor weaponry. Lin Ah Sin was the last leader of Lanfang.
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Many of Lanfang's citizens and their descendants made their way to
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or
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. The three campaigns waged by the
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against the Chinese kongsi, called the Kongsi Wars, were:
 

Hendrik_2000

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  • #193
This is what happened if you piss off your best customer "unsold good in the storage room"
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Cases of Wine Are Piling Up in Australia as China Shuns Imports

Cases of Wine Are Piling Up in Australia as China Shuns Imports
Sybilla Gross
Tue, November 17, 2020, 12:00 PM CST

(Bloomberg) --
Australian wine exporters should be preparing for their peak selling season, the months preceding Christmas and New Year celebrations in China. They are instead watching stockpiles of product mount in warehouses as its biggest market clamps down on shipments from the country.


Already on edge after China announced two trade probes into the country’s wine industry earlier this year, people familiar with the situation said this month Beijing had also ordered traders to stop purchasing at least seven categories of Australian commodities -- including wine, rock lobsters, barley, and copper ore -- in its most sweeping trade move against Canberra yet.

The prospect of indefinite bans would be a worst case scenario for Australian exporters, who have already been hit this year by Covid-19 lockdowns.
 

Hendrik_2000

Brigadier
  • Thread Starter Thread Starter
  • #194
This is historic if it enacted It will provide the base for intervention let say if there is riot in Malaysia and the native start looting, burning or beating up Chinese citizen or not since they are not going to ask question first whether you are citizen of PRC or not via Daniel808
This is a HISTORIC DAY for China and All Chinese people :

So with this New Defence Law, China will send their Military Expeditionary Forces if :
1. Some Random country trying to block Malacca Strait for Chinese bound Ships.
2. Some Rebels, terrorist or Random country trying to threaten Chinese Overseas Investment, Facility & Factory.
3. Some Random terrorist or country trying to threaten the Safety of Overseas Chinese people.


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China Mulls Defence Law Amendments amid Profound Changes in The World
By Liu Xuanzun and Liu Caiyu Source: Global Times Published: 2020/10/22 21:04:28
Thursday.


Threats to development interests added as reasons for defense mobilization

Making their debut in the general public for the first time, DF-17 missiles join the National Day parade held in Beijing on October 1, 2019. Photo: Fan Lingzhi/GT


China is mulling amendments to its Law on National Defence amid profound changes in the world over the past two decades by adding key formulations, including threats to the country's development interests, as reasons for defense mobilization, and involvement in global security governance.

With China's development interests growing alongside the country's peaceful development, it has more and more overseas interests, including strategic transport lanes and Chinese citizens overseas and investments, which could be vulnerable to terrorism, regional instabilities as well as hostile attacks and lockdowns, with the proposed law amendments aiming to work in tandem with military reform to ensure China's peaceful development and growing interests around the world have the backing of defense forces when needed, analysts said on Thursday.

The amendment draft to the Law on National Defence was released on the website of the National People's Congress (NPC) on Wednesday, soliciting opinions from the general public from Wednesday to November 19, after the draft was deliberated by the NPC Standing Committee at a plenary session in Beijing. General Wei Fenghe, a Central Military Commission (CMC) member, a State Councilor and the Minister of National Defense, explained the draft in detail, media reported on Wednesday.

Wei said that the current Law on National Defense, which came into effect in 1997, cannot fully adapt to new missions and the requirements for the development of national defense and the Chinese military; therefore, it needs to be amended.

The world's strategic situation has undergone profound changes over the last 20 years, as the world has seen international strategic competition on the rise, continually increasing global and regional security issues, non-stop armed conflicts and regional warfare, and increasingly obvious instability and uncertainty in international security, Wei said.

Wei also noted that China is in a key period of strategic opportunity for development and is facing even more complicated security threats and challenges.

The draft amendment states that when China's sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity, and security and development interests are under threat, the country can conduct nationwide or local defense mobilization. The "development interests" part is a new addition to the current law.

China's development interests mainly involve two aspects; that is, domestic and overseas, Xu Guangyu, a senior adviser to the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association, told the Global Times on Thursday.

Domestic development interests include the likes of economical operation, and if these normal activities are contained or sabotaged by external forces by, for example, severe trade blockades, it should be viewed as a serious threat, Xu said.

Overseas development interests include China's overseas economic activities including investments and cooperation, such as China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative. China will need to make countermeasures if these operations are intentionally blocked by regional warfare or lockdowns, Xu said
.

China's domestic development relies on overseas transport lanes for trade and energy supplies, and China now has a large number of investments overseas, Song Zhongping, a Chinese military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times on Thursday.

Two Su-35 fighter jets and a H-6K bomber fly in formation on May 11, 2018. The People's Liberation Army (PLA) air force conducted patrol training over China's island of Taiwan on Friday. Su-35 fighter jets flew over the Bashi Channel in formation with the H-6Ks for the first time, which marks a new breakthrough in island patrol patterns, said Shen Jinke, spokesperson for the PLA air force.Photo:China Military


The draft amendment's addition of "development interest" threats stresses the protection of the overseas transport lanes and overseas Chinese investments that could be vulnerable to terrorism, regional instabilities and hostile attacks and lockdowns, the experts said.


Under the current situation, in which the US is eyeing to rally its so-called allies to contain China's development in many ways, including militarily, having a legal basis to counter threats has significant meaning, analysts said.

Xu said that China's defense mobilization will be on a reciprocal basis. Only when the opponent adopts war-like measures will China counter with its own military measures.

In another proposed addition to the law, the draft amendment said that China could use its armed forces to protect overseas Chinese citizens, organizations, units and facilities, thus safeguarding China's overseas interests, and participating in activities including UN peacekeeping missions, international rescues, maritime escorts, joint exercises and anti-terrorism operations following the basic rules of international relations based on the principles of the UN Charter.

If China's overseas interests are seriously threatened, China would be able to use its military capabilities to effectively safeguard its overseas citizens and organizations so the country's interests are not harmed, Song said.

China's military reform, latest national defense strategy, steadily increasing defense budget and the law amendment work in tandem to achieve this goal, analysts said.

China is eyeing to build a "deep-blue-water" navy, with observers naming aircraft carriers, amphibious assault ships and large destroyers as key items in protecting China's overseas interests.

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is under construction in Shanghai, two Type 075 Amphibious Assault ships have been launched and a third under construction, and Eight Type 055 13,000 ton-class destroyers have either entered naval service, preparing for commissioning, or undergoing sea trials, reports said. Another type of more powerful amphibious assault ship, the Type 076, which could feature electromagnetic catapults to launch fixed-wing stealth armed reconnaissance drones, is also under development, foreign reports said.

The draft amendment also states that China will participate in global security governance, join multilateral security talks and push for and set up a set of international rules that is widely accepted, fair and reasonable.

Xu said that such kind of rules are needed as China's economic capacity and global influence grows while having so many connections to other parts of the world at the same time. China also represents many other developing countries that have their own interests to safeguard themselves but do not have loud enough voices to speak for themselves.

Under the amended law, China could send more troops overseas to participate in the likes of UN peacekeeping, anti-piracy, and anti-terrorism operations, Xu predicted.

Vessels in the Taiwan Straits, July 20, 2017. /CGTN Photo

New battlefields


Besides border, maritime and air defense, the draft amendment also states that China should take necessary measures to safeguard activities, assets and other interests in other key security fields including outer space, electromagnetic space and networks.

Beijing-based military expert Li Jie told the Global Times on Thursday that the US and its so-called allies have been attempting to contain China not only in traditional defense approaches, but also new (and less visible) fields such as space and networks.

These fields could become "new battlefields" where no bullet is fired, but gaining superiority in them will hold significant advantages in traditional defense fields by winning the war of information, analysts said.

The draft revisions also aim to make
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, which analysts said will guarantee that they better accomplish missions in emergencies, war and occasions in which national sovereignty, security and development interests are being harmed.
 
Last edited:

In4ser

Junior Member
This is historic if it enacted It will provide the base for intervention let say if there is riot in Malaysia and the native start looting, burning or beating up Chinese citizen or not since they are not going to ask question first whether you are citizen of PRC or not via Daniel808
This is a HISTORIC DAY for China and All Chinese people :

So with this New Defence Law, China will send their Military Expeditionary Forces if :
1. Some Random country trying to block Malacca Strait for Chinese bound Ships.
2. Some Rebels, terrorist or Random country trying to threaten Chinese Overseas Investment, Facility & Factory.
3. Some Random terrorist or country trying to threaten the Safety of Overseas Chinese people.


Please, Log in or Register to view URLs content!


China Mulls Defence Law Amendments amid Profound Changes in The World
By Liu Xuanzun and Liu Caiyu Source: Global Times Published: 2020/10/22 21:04:28
Thursday.


Threats to development interests added as reasons for defense mobilization

Making their debut in the general public for the first time, DF-17 missiles join the National Day parade held in Beijing on October 1, 2019. Photo: Fan Lingzhi/GT


China is mulling amendments to its Law on National Defence amid profound changes in the world over the past two decades by adding key formulations, including threats to the country's development interests, as reasons for defense mobilization, and involvement in global security governance.

With China's development interests growing alongside the country's peaceful development, it has more and more overseas interests, including strategic transport lanes and Chinese citizens overseas and investments, which could be vulnerable to terrorism, regional instabilities as well as hostile attacks and lockdowns, with the proposed law amendments aiming to work in tandem with military reform to ensure China's peaceful development and growing interests around the world have the backing of defense forces when needed, analysts said on Thursday.

The amendment draft to the Law on National Defence was released on the website of the National People's Congress (NPC) on Wednesday, soliciting opinions from the general public from Wednesday to November 19, after the draft was deliberated by the NPC Standing Committee at a plenary session in Beijing. General Wei Fenghe, a Central Military Commission (CMC) member, a State Councilor and the Minister of National Defense, explained the draft in detail, media reported on Wednesday.

Wei said that the current Law on National Defense, which came into effect in 1997, cannot fully adapt to new missions and the requirements for the development of national defense and the Chinese military; therefore, it needs to be amended.

The world's strategic situation has undergone profound changes over the last 20 years, as the world has seen international strategic competition on the rise, continually increasing global and regional security issues, non-stop armed conflicts and regional warfare, and increasingly obvious instability and uncertainty in international security, Wei said.

Wei also noted that China is in a key period of strategic opportunity for development and is facing even more complicated security threats and challenges.

The draft amendment states that when China's sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity, and security and development interests are under threat, the country can conduct nationwide or local defense mobilization. The "development interests" part is a new addition to the current law.

China's development interests mainly involve two aspects; that is, domestic and overseas, Xu Guangyu, a senior adviser to the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association, told the Global Times on Thursday.

Domestic development interests include the likes of economical operation, and if these normal activities are contained or sabotaged by external forces by, for example, severe trade blockades, it should be viewed as a serious threat, Xu said.

Overseas development interests include China's overseas economic activities including investments and cooperation, such as China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative. China will need to make countermeasures if these operations are intentionally blocked by regional warfare or lockdowns, Xu said
.

China's domestic development relies on overseas transport lanes for trade and energy supplies, and China now has a large number of investments overseas, Song Zhongping, a Chinese military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times on Thursday.

Two Su-35 fighter jets and a H-6K bomber fly in formation on May 11, 2018. The People's Liberation Army (PLA) air force conducted patrol training over China's island of Taiwan on Friday. Su-35 fighter jets flew over the Bashi Channel in formation with the H-6Ks for the first time, which marks a new breakthrough in island patrol patterns, said Shen Jinke, spokesperson for the PLA air force.Photo:China Military


The draft amendment's addition of "development interest" threats stresses the protection of the overseas transport lanes and overseas Chinese investments that could be vulnerable to terrorism, regional instabilities and hostile attacks and lockdowns, the experts said.


Under the current situation, in which the US is eyeing to rally its so-called allies to contain China's development in many ways, including militarily, having a legal basis to counter threats has significant meaning, analysts said.

Xu said that China's defense mobilization will be on a reciprocal basis. Only when the opponent adopts war-like measures will China counter with its own military measures.

In another proposed addition to the law, the draft amendment said that China could use its armed forces to protect overseas Chinese citizens, organizations, units and facilities, thus safeguarding China's overseas interests, and participating in activities including UN peacekeeping missions, international rescues, maritime escorts, joint exercises and anti-terrorism operations following the basic rules of international relations based on the principles of the UN Charter.

If China's overseas interests are seriously threatened, China would be able to use its military capabilities to effectively safeguard its overseas citizens and organizations so the country's interests are not harmed, Song said.

China's military reform, latest national defense strategy, steadily increasing defense budget and the law amendment work in tandem to achieve this goal, analysts said.

China is eyeing to build a "deep-blue-water" navy, with observers naming aircraft carriers, amphibious assault ships and large destroyers as key items in protecting China's overseas interests.

Please, Log in or Register to view URLs content!
is under construction in Shanghai, two Type 075 Amphibious Assault ships have been launched and a third under construction, and Eight Type 055 13,000 ton-class destroyers have either entered naval service, preparing for commissioning, or undergoing sea trials, reports said. Another type of more powerful amphibious assault ship, the Type 076, which could feature electromagnetic catapults to launch fixed-wing stealth armed reconnaissance drones, is also under development, foreign reports said.

The draft amendment also states that China will participate in global security governance, join multilateral security talks and push for and set up a set of international rules that is widely accepted, fair and reasonable.

Xu said that such kind of rules are needed as China's economic capacity and global influence grows while having so many connections to other parts of the world at the same time. China also represents many other developing countries that have their own interests to safeguard themselves but do not have loud enough voices to speak for themselves.

Under the amended law, China could send more troops overseas to participate in the likes of UN peacekeeping, anti-piracy, and anti-terrorism operations, Xu predicted.

Vessels in the Taiwan Straits, July 20, 2017. /CGTN Photo

New battlefields


Besides border, maritime and air defense, the draft amendment also states that China should take necessary measures to safeguard activities, assets and other interests in other key security fields including outer space, electromagnetic space and networks.

Beijing-based military expert Li Jie told the Global Times on Thursday that the US and its so-called allies have been attempting to contain China not only in traditional defense approaches, but also new (and less visible) fields such as space and networks.

These fields could become "new battlefields" where no bullet is fired, but gaining superiority in them will hold significant advantages in traditional defense fields by winning the war of information, analysts said.

The draft revisions also aim to make
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, which analysts said will guarantee that they better accomplish missions in emergencies, war and occasions in which national sovereignty, security and development interests are being harmed.
Sounds good on paper but China should be careful about creeping involvement. Military intervention even when it's intended to be peacekeeping in a friendly country to protect citizens, trade routes, and energy security, may lead to China being dragged into local conflicts with insurgents and be stuck in an unwanted quagmire.
 

gelgoog

Senior Member
Registered Member
Sounds good on paper but China should be careful about creeping involvement. Military intervention even when it's intended to be peacekeeping in a friendly country to protect citizens, trade routes, and energy security, may lead to China being dragged into local conflicts with insurgents and be stuck in an unwanted quagmire.
Yeah. China needs to avoid the same mistake the US is doing by creeping into pointless wars all over the map.
 

AssassinsMace

Brigadier
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Well look at it this way... The US is looking to destroy China and South Korea by allowing US forces to be there is helping them hence why there's nothing wrong with punishing South Korea. How many South Koreans hate China because it keeps North Korea afloat? Yet somehow they don't see their complicity in helping the US with their goals of taking over China... They may even see a US takeover of China beneficial because then the US can direct Chinese money to South Korea to keep them happy. And yet they don't see how South Korea should be punished...
 

Gatekeeper

Major
Registered Member
It is little wonder how the British think China is the bully when at every turn the British government mouthpiece, AKA the BBC. Keep writing scary provocative headlines like this.

And if this doesn't work, just throw in some white lies. This should do it. I reproduced the white lies below:

"Beijing views disputed territory in the two countries as part of Tibet, which it invaded and annexed in the 1950s."

The writer writing this knows it's lying or it's very ignorant of the fact that:

No matter how much we want to believe Tibet is a separate country. The matter of fact is that Great Britain, or for that matter, any of the major western powers recognises Tibet as a separate country in the 1950s. So if that's the case, how the hell does one "invade" your own country, let along annexed It?

Why Bhutan's Sakteng wildlife sanctuary is disputed by China
By Anbarasan EthirajanBBC News
Rest of the article if you really feel the need to amuse yourself:

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