Russian Military News, Reports, Data, etc.

gelgoog

Brigadier
Registered Member
That uses an American engine. The problem the Russians have is that they don't have any aerial piston engine production with the required specifications. Low end trainer aircraft and engine production used to either be made in Warsaw Pact satellite countries (for example the Czech Aero L-39 Albatros) or Ukraine (Ivshenko engines like the Al-222) in Soviet times.
 

Sinnavuuty

Senior Member
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The audit of the Russian MoD carried out by the new Russian Defense Minister revealed a hole of 11 trillion rubles ($127 billion) missing. Russian Defense Minister Andrei Belousov revealed immense corruption among his predecessors.

In addition to the lost money, here are some other problems highlighted by the audit:

* an acute shortage of optical reconnaissance satellites.
* Tanks were shipped without the necessary Arena-M active protection systems (APS), although they would have already been paid for.
*the promised serial production of Lancets and Krasnopol drones is non-existent.
* new AWACS aircraft, which aviation urgently needs, have not been built (emphasizing that other countries, to reduce operating costs, are manufacturing AEW&C based on business jets)
* not a single new electronic warfare aircraft is under construction.

The amount of money that disappeared over the previous 12 years(under Shoigu) is exactly the amount allocated for the maintenance of the army and the production of weapons in 2024 from the federal budget, a little less even - 10.8 trillion rubles($124 billion).

Belousov is working hard to resolve these issues and expose those responsible.

Another interesting thing about this is that Tatiana Viktorovna Shevtsova, Shoigu's former deputy Minister of Defense who worked in the finance area of the Ministry of Defense since 2010, allegedly helped the government in corruption investigations, reporting the corrupt in order to preserve itself, because she appears with some assets that do not match her income and the most recent news suggests that she
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asking for asylum, because she would probably be arrested along with the other high-ranking military personnel who were arrested and convicted of corruption in recent months.
 

gelgoog

Brigadier
Registered Member
sources of the Yuridicheskaya Gazeta claim that 11 trillion rubles literally disappeared into thin air. By the way, this is exactly the amount allocated for the maintenance of the army and the production of weapons in 2024 from the federal budget, even a little less - 10.8 trillion rubles.
That is like 10% of the military budget for the period unaccounted for.

Sources claim that under the leadership of Belousov’s predecessors, serial production of Lancet drones and Krasnopol systems was not established
They did increase the production of both. Except the process of production is still highly manual. Even when Shoigu was still around they complained about this when they visited the Lancet factory.

the tanks were not equipped with Arena-M active protection systems, not even the T-90M
Even if they had it the Arena-M would have questionable defense against drones. Just see how useful APS has been for Israel in Gaza. Not very. Existing APS do not defend against either artillery nor drones.

Also, according to sources, the audit revealed that long-range radar detection, electronic reconnaissance and electronic warfare aircraft, which are so necessary for our aviation, were not built.
Yeah this is being really painful. This was given low priority and it shows. But some systems do exist like A-50U and Tu-214R.

Meanwhile, in other countries, in order to reduce the cost of operation, which is quite significant, they are making such equipment based on business jets.
The thing is Russia does not produce business jets. Even if you thought to use the Superjet for this, it was not 100% produced in Russia so of course the military would not use it as the platform. The Il-76 at least is 100% produced in Russia and in production.

An equally interesting story turned out to be with the A-100 Premier prototype. In general, it was made in only one copy and did not pass any tests.
The program is delayed like heck.

As for the VKS, over the previous 12 years they have not received a single suspended sighting container. Everyone in the world has such optics, but our intelligence has to do without it.
I think this means they don't have targeting pods. Yeah that is another major issue. Although in theory you could use something like the integrated sighting system in either the Su-34 or the MiG-35 as a basis to do one if you wanted to.
I think to a large degree this is due the platforms themselves and doctrine. To operate with a targeting pod you probably should have a two seater aircraft. And if you aren't a bomber aircraft pilot in Russia you typically don't train to fly bombing missions. The Su-34 has integrated sighting complexes. And so these pods aren't being produced. It would be like complaining that there aren't pods for the F-35. It has integrated sighting complexes.

over the last dozen years the Aerospace Forces have not acquired a single new tanker aircraft
Yeah that is another problem. It means aircraft have to land and takeoff more often which will further stress the airframes. But it is mitigated by the fact they mostly use Flankers and those have gargantuan internal fuel storage capacity. It is not like it is an F-16 or something.

not a single new armored personnel carrier has been produced
Not exactly true. What about the BMP-3 and BMD-4M IFVs? They also have produced the BTR-MDM which is an APC.

air defense systems and fighters were not equipped with radars with AFAR technology
They took an inordinate amount of time getting AESA to work and right now there probably isn't enough capacity to produce it for all vehicles. It is as simple as that. Even if they started mass production of their existing GaA AESA platforms, they would be obsolete because GaN AESA is now what everyone is producing.

there is a shortage of cruise missiles
They still launched more cruise missiles than the US ever did in any campaign.

problems with the production of air defense systems "Pantsir-SM" and S-350 "Vityaz", and there are also delays in the development and adoption of the S-500 missile defense system. And we can continue for a long time
When Shoigu came in in 2012 there were just too many systems which needed replacement. The military budget was also much lower. They spread the budget wide and thin around basically everything. Which means development was really slow and production was lackluster. But it also means there are in fact products for nearly everything available now that higher military budgets are available.
 
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Sinnavuuty

Senior Member
Registered Member
That is like 10% of the military budget for the period unaccounted for.
But the audit is not over yet. This was just a prior announcement that released the preliminary results of the audit. The audit only lasts a little over a month and should continue last around six months. And this value represents a substantial amount of the State Armament Program (GPV), the GPV 2027 for example was budgeted at a total of 19 trillion roubles, the value that disappeared analyzed by the audit would be more than half of the GPV.

I believe that many of the FSB's investigations into corruption with overbilling, non-performance of contracts and misappropriation of resources within the scope of the Russian MoD have been going on for years. There was a lack of political approval for criminal prosecution to bring criminal effectiveness. Apparently this is what happened, in front of dozens of high-ranking military personnel arrested. It's worse to see part of the Western media calling it a "purge" and "procedural arbitrariness".

The case of physicists who researched topics related to fluid mechanics for hyersonic technology is the same narrative: for the BBC, persecution for "nothing" except justifying state secrets; to independent Russian military channels, they were selling information to Western research institutes.

The Russians are not happy with this disclosure and are quoting the corrupt Shoigu on several occasions:
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pmc

Major
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They took an inordinate amount of time getting AESA to work and right now there probably isn't enough capacity to produce it for all vehicles. It is as simple as that. Even if they started mass production of their existing GaA AESA platforms, they would be obsolete because GaN AESA is now what everyone is producing.
Ka-52M has AESA. KA-27M has AESA back in 2015.
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who is producing GaN AESA for fighter? Israel has the only high altitude AWACS and second GaN AWACS went to UAE. I have no doubt Russia has very good idea of AESA developments in that region.
They associated AFAR with Su-57. it takes long time to pass certification of TVC and composite built aircraft with such extended range like Su-57. i dont think Su-35 has same range as Su-57 with similar speeds/altitude. it is the same way Su-30 cannot do what Su-34 does.

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gelgoog

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In the USSR, defense spending was only 5% of the country's total budget. Under the leadership of Serdyukov and Shoigu, these expenditures increased from 10 to 30% of the total budget of the Russian Federation. It turns out that modern Russia spent much more on defense as a percentage than during the Cold War. And what is the result? Everything as it was, so for the most part remained Soviet. And where the money went is unclear.
This is a plain lie by using a bogus metric. It might have been a lower portion of the total government budget under the USSR than it is under Russia. But in the USSR, under communism, the government was the whole economy. Not the case today. Modern Russia spends much less of the total GDP on defense than the USSR. Russia is spending less % of the GDP during the conflict with Ukraine than the USSR were in peacetime in the 1980s. And before the conflict with Ukraine started the military budget was half of what it was today.

There is an acute shortage of optical reconnaissance satellites. Since 2016, Russia has launched only one Resource-P 4, all the others were radar or communication satellites. In fact, the Russian Federation currently has only one spy satellite in orbit with relatively good optics, while the need is at least 10 satellites, and ideally all 100, with optics of 0.3-0.7 meters per pixel, so that we can reach the world's top three in terms of their number, after the United States and China.
You have to develop electronics, test them, develop system boards, test them, and develop satellites, and test them. The Soviet high resolution satellites were all film satellites. They did not have high resolution digital reconnaissance satellites. Of course it takes time to develop a whole sector from scratch.

By 2022, Russia has come up without mass production of Lancet, Krasnopol and UMPK. This flaw ultimately cost us dearly.
Shit always happens. At least Russia had the Lancet and Krasnopol. And production was increased. Pray tell me how well the US equivalents of the Switchblade drone and the Excalibur round are doing? Not worth a damn, jammed to hell, and available in tiny amounts. I agree with the situation with regards to the UMPK. However it's not like you can blame Shoigu for this when it was the military itself which didn't want it. The Ministry of Defense just takes care of getting to the military the systems they request and need.

So far, not a single new serial long-range radar detection aircraft (DLR) has been built, which our Russia is in dire need of. Yes, the A-100 Premier was created, but, firstly, in a single copy, and secondly, it has not yet been tested. Modernization of the Soviet-made A-50 is only a half-measure, and there are only 6-7 of them, and the need for AWACS aircraft is at least several dozen.
In the US only a dozen original AWACS aircraft are left. And they are all also decades old modernized aircraft. The newer Boeing E-7 Wedgetail is considered to be a bit of a disaster and you have people in Congress trying to axe it. It is just the latest E-2D Hawekeye which seems to be doing well.

For 12 years, the VKS has not received a single new tanker aircraft, while our main geopolitical opponent, the United States, has managed to acquire hundreds of flying tankers during the same period, and this allows it to demonstrate the strength of its Air Force to the whole world.
Well that's the thing. Russia doesn't need as many tankers. For one the aircraft have higher internal fuel capacity, and for another they don't do expeditionary operations as much.

For 12 years, the VKS has not received a single serial suspended sighting container, and this is despite the fact that almost everyone in the world has such optics. As a result, the possibilities of reconnaissance and destruction of ground targets were critically small. Even Malaysia has purchased PPK for the Su-30s in service. And for example, the new American F-35 fighter from the factory is equipped with a PPK, with an overview of ground targets at a range of a good hundred kilometers.
The Su-34 also comes with a sighting system from the factory. It is the Su-30SM and Su-35 which lack such systems.
As for the claim the F-35 can optically spot ground targets a hundred kilometers away, that is just plain bullshit.

Over the past 12 years, Russia has not been able to launch mass production of a new armored personnel carrier to replace the old BTR-80 and 82.
They developed the Bumerang vehicle then the military decided it needed to be redesigned because the soldiers needed to carry more equipment with them. It is as simple as that. They changed the specifications. The internal size of the vehicle had to increase. The whole vehicle got bigger.

The predecessor of the new minister failed to replace the BMP-1 and BMP-2. Yes, the BMP-3 was purchased, but in limited quantities, and the upgraded versions of the "Manul" and "Dragoon"were not launched in the series. Also, the BMP based on "Armata" and "Kurganets-25" did not go into the series. As a result, due to the lack of protected infantry fighting vehicles and APCs, it is necessary to cover the tanks with steel sheets and deliver the troops on horseback.
It is well known that the Kurganets didn't start production because the plant's CEO siphoned the money that was supposed to be used to buy the tooling for the production line. He was jailed for this. There also seem to be issues with engine lifetime right now.
The Manul is just a stopgap developed on the BMP-3 platform that was recently developed because of the delays with the Kurganets. It hasn't been available as a program for that long.

Air defense systems and fighter aircraft lack the latest radars with AFAR technology.
The fighter aircraft are doing fine with the radars they have. It is the air defense systems which have issues. And it's not like first generation AESA radars were any good either. AESA is now in its third generation. But the Russians are still behind on the second generation.

There is a delay in the Su-57 program. There are no planes with a second-stage engine. There are no Su-57s in combat units, they are transferred only to aviation centers.
It takes like a decade, ten years, to develop a whole new engine. Twice that amount, twenty years, to develop new materials. Do these people think engines fall from the sky or something?

When the PAK FA program was started the necessary materials technology for a 5th generation engine did not exist in Russia. So they developed a new engine with the best materials technology they had. This is the AL-41. It is basically on par with something like the F414 technology wise. The AL-51 is being developed with materials technology which did not exist back then.

Russia does not have an analog of the false target AMD-160 MALD.
The Russians have been using cruise missiles to act as decoys. As for the radar signature change yes I haven't heard of Russia having that yet.

Front-line aviation lacks a sufficient number of cruise missiles.
No shit. And yet no one fires as many of them as Russia has been doing.

The Airborne Forces do not have protected vehicles. BTR-D and BMD are not able to protect against mines and sometimes break through from snipers 7. 62x51.
The latest BMD-4M and its derived vehicles have protection against such rounds. But they also weigh like twice as much. Which means they aren't as air transportable as the older vehicles.

Modernization of strategic aviation has failed. The Tu-95MSM and Tu-22M3M projects were disrupted, and only two aircraft were upgraded over the years. The situation is exactly the same with the IL-76MDM.
It doesn't help when you don't upgrade your bombers for decades, then decide to upgrade all of them simultaneously, except their engines aren't manufactured anymore, etc. They had to restart engine production. And this time with modern production methods. They basically reverse engineered the engines from their paper blueprints. And right now they are messing up by making Tupolev make civilian airliners instead of just bombers. As for the Il-76MDM it was just lackluster and replaced with Il-76MD-90A upgrade.

So far, much-needed hangars for aviation have not been built, and most of the airfields are located along the border, similar to 1941.
I have to agree that the present situation with regards to the airfields is stupid.
 
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pmc

Major
Registered Member
The fighter aircraft are doing fine with the radars they have. It is the air defense systems which have issues. And it's not like first generation AESA radars were any good either. AESA is now in its third generation. But the Russians are still behind on the second generation.
Pantsir SM/S350 and even BUk M3/Tor M2 i doubt any one in the world can match it. no one has faced the scale of challenge on air defense like Russia is facing in real time.

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Rostec: Pantsir air defense missile systems successfully shoot down ATACMS ballistic missiles

there are far more important angle that most people not understand what i mentioned in previous post. Russia has to develop system that meet the standards that can take different responsibility in a different geography.
this Ka-52M is proper AESA with long range ground and naval strike. so now think what they want to put in Fighter aircraft.

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24.1K subscribers

Reliable and omnivorous "Alligator"​

Russia modernizes the world's most advanced military helicopter​

December 11, 2023
1.3K read
The Ka-52M's six external hardpoints can accommodate up to 2.8 tons of weapons, primarily guided missiles of various classes and types of destruction (cumulative, volumetric detonating, and high-explosive fragmentation warheads).

Soon, the Alligator will be able to use cruise missiles with a range of up to 100 km, and will be able to compete on the battlefield with Su-24M frontline bombers and Su-25M attack aircraft

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pmc

Major
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Raduga Military Design Corporation Director saying X-69 is only long range missile put inside internal bays of front line. and they are developing next generation cruise missile Project 720. I have read Arabic news that called Kh-101 long range and in another news calling it Super Long Range. I dont expect X-69 to have similar range but it will be very long range.
The advantage of putting more missiles into faster jets/bombers is they not only can defend better but faster reload turn around time as opposed to Ships.
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Russia develops new generation cruise missile​

Bogatikov noted that “the Kh-69 cruise missile used by Russia during the special military operation demonstrated excellent efficiency in destroying enemy targets. It is the only long-range cruise missile in the world that can be placed in the internal bays of fighter aircraft operating on the front lines.

Our products have proven to be in line with the declared technical specifications, and all the cruise missiles we have developed have shown high accuracy during their use in a special military operation, even when the enemy tried to counter them with air defense systems, jamming systems and electronic warfare

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Soldier30

Senior Member
Registered Member
Russian drone operators received the Nebo-22 VR simulator. The Russian armed forces began to receive the Nebo-22 VR simulator for training FPV drone operators. The equipment began to arrive at military units and training centers of the Russian Ministry of Defense. The development and creation of specialized Sky-22 helmets was carried out by existing drone operators and engineers of the commercial company Virtual Training Systems Era. The Sky-22 program introduces real satellite maps of the area, real military equipment and ammunition used on FPV drones. A drone designer function was also added to the simulator so that the operator could set the tactical and technical characteristics of any type of UAV and practice its control skills. The simulator has 25 training modules for different types, it allows you to simulate weather conditions, takeoff, landing, flight and everything that is currently used by FPV drone operators.

 

Soldier30

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Registered Member
The first footage of the use of the new Russian radio intelligence complex "Thorn-MDM", an interview with the operator at the end of the video. "Thorn-MDM" entered service with the Russian army in 2019, there is very little information about it. The Torn-MDM radio reconnaissance complex is designed to search, analyze and record signals in the range from 1.5 to 3000 MHz, as well as direction finding and goniometric location determination of their sources located at a distance of up to 70 kilometers. Once installed, the antennas of the complex operate automatically around the clock. A special feature of the Thorn complex is the ability to intercept not only radio communications, but also cellular communications and instant messengers used on phones. The Torn-MDM complex can be produced in both mobile and stationary versions. The Thorn-MDM complex consists of a hardware machine on a Kamaz chassis and a rigging machine.

 
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