@gadgetcool5 bro not trying to be a smart aleck, if we follow your thesis then India should be an IC powerhouse. My humble opinion gov't policy is the answer, you may leverage your national asset but if the foundation is not there it will bound to fail. China had experience multiple failure, with each failure a lesson had been learned , improved upon then try it again that is the thing with China, they're not afraid to experiment. And of course there is the adversarial attitude of the US which motivate the Chinese therefore hasten its development.Because China has a large population. Hence a high economic potential / higher total market size where different chipmakers can each support hundreds of millions of consumers each while in the domestic market.