^Yes, I'm aware of the present population disbalance. I'm just saying the origins of the mass approach date from WW2 (and probably all the way to the Napoleonic War) when the Soviets did have a considerable population advantage over Germany. During the Cold War, the Soviets and other Warsaw Pact states practiced extensive conscription which made for large armies. I'm sure the Warsaw Pact always had a higher proportion of the population in arms than the West. Of course, China dwarfs everyone. These days, China's got a real opportunity to have both quantity and quality which would be formidable.