Conceptual and uncompleted projects of the German aircraft industry during WW2

Discussion in 'Military History' started by Miragedriver, Jun 29, 2016.

  1. Miragedriver
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    Since 1940 the German aeronautical engineering projects conceived denoting the advanced level of knowledge possessed technicians and scientists. There were revolutionary developments of all kinds for the time, some of them went on to become planes on which they worked in their evolution; in some cases models were built and there was even prototypes flew. All these unfinished projects can be assembled in the Luft '46 page - WWII German aircraft projects with great detail and precision. In a Latin American Forum I translated the English texts of the projects that I selected, and then add the images and other text from other sources. It is a pleasurable which I enjoy. Those that know and have researched can understand how much Allied aircraft (and still present) western designs own to the conceptions of the German aircraft industry. I knew of several such projects since before that web page appeared on the Internet and from before the Internet existed. It is enjoyable to locate all the existing photographs in one place

    I hope you can enjoy them.
     
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    PROYECTO “JUNKERS Ju EF 112”

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    The fighter-bomber and attack aircraft "Junkers Ju EF 112" was designed in 1942. The wings had the edge in a straight line and the short fuselage was located above them. It was designed to be driven by two piston engines Daimler-Benz DB 603g, of 1,460 HP each. A motor would be mounted in the tube of the fuselage and the other on the rear thereof. This means that the driving force was generated by an engine "pulling" and other than "pushed". A double tail wings topped started two rudders. Also, both tails were coupled with a stabilizer. Under the cab, a compartment for housing a pump pumps allowed 500 Kg. The armament consisted of two MK 103 30mm cannon. He also had the ability to carry four rockets R100. The Reich Air Ministry showed no interest in this aircraft and rejected the project. Length 10.7 meters. Estimated speed: 760 km / h.

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    Modified Text source: Luft '46 - WWII German aircraft projects -

    Color drawings (from "Luft'46 Art Images"): a) Nos. 1 to 8 = Gino Marcomini; b) Nros. 9 and 10 = Peter Allen.

    Photographs model of the plane: Custom made Luftwaffe models. Motion models Models Ready to display
     
    #2 Miragedriver, Jun 29, 2016
    Last edited: Jun 29, 2016
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    PROYECTO “FOCKE-WULF Fw SUPER LORIN”

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    Not much is known about this project. Just this interceptor fighter "Focke-Wulf Fw Super Lorin" designed by the engineer von Halen, exhibited his arrow-shaped wings, just as the stabilizer. I had two ramjet (1) mounted at the ends of the stabilizers. These ramjet began to run only when the aircraft reached a speed of about 240 km / h. Therefore, the initial propulsion was obtained by a rocket engine powered by liquid or solid fuel. Its armament consisted of two MK 108 30mm cannon. He could also carry two to four wire-guided missiles Ruhrstahl / Kramer X-4. Length: 11.6 meters. No estimates of its speed.

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    Modified text source: Luft '46 - WWII German aircraft projects

    Color drawings (from "Luft'46 Art Images"): a) Nos. 1 to 4 = Jozef Gatial (website: http://www.angelfire.com/sk/gatial); b) Nros. 5 and 6 = Peter Allen.

    Photographs model of the plane: Custom made Luftwaffe models. Motion models Models Ready to display
     
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  4. Miragedriver
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    Motor Heinkel Hirth He S 011:

    Many of the German jet-powered aircraft designs at the end of the war were designed to use the HeS 011, but the HeS 011 engine was not ready for production before the war ended in Europe and only small numbers of prototypes were produced.

    https://jqmgrdyk.home.xs4all.nl/jetpower/german-jetpower-p3a.htm

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    Almost all of the jet aircraft presented in this post will utilize this engine in various combinations.
     
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    PROTYPE FOCKE-WULF Fw 187 “FALKE”

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    In 1935 Kurt Tank, Technical Director of Focke-Wulf, began the study of a single-seat fighter twin-engine high performance and long-range combat. This project was conceived as a private venture by the planned construction firm and it was powered by two Daimler-Benz DB 600 engines, which at that time were developing. In early 1936 he was held an exhibition of new weapons plant Henschel in Berlin-Schönefeld, where Focke-Wulf presented its new design, which caught the interest of the military present, but for unknown reasons not he was awarded a production contract. Kurt Tank exposed, then very detailed plans for the new aircraft to Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen Generalfeldmarschal that, in those years, worked as Head of Development Department Reichsluftfahrtministerium Technisches Amt. The purpose was to get a contract while it was intended to remove all doubt about the benefits of future aircraft. Richthofen authorized the construction of three prototypes but set a condition that the engine Daimler-Benz DB 600 (limited production and committed to other projects) by the Junkers Jumo 210 (less powerful than the DB 600) put in charge of .Tank be replaced construction of prototypes to Obering (Chief Engineer) Rudolf Blaser. The first prototype Fw 187 V1 (D-AANA), made entirely of metal, first flew in late spring 1937 piloted by Hauptmann (Captain) Hans Sander. It Junkers Jumo driven 210D that erogaba power HP 661 just reached, however, a final speed Km./h 523.00. and was 80 kph. faster than the single-engine B Messerschmit Bf109 "Bruno", also surpassing it in testing ascent and descent rates. Armed He was with two (2) machine guns MG 17 (acronym for Maschinegewehr 17), with a caliber of 7.92 mm each, ammunition 7.92x57 IS and rate of fire of 1,200 rounds per minute (some sources indicate that the V1 was not no weapons). The service ceiling was nearly 12,000 meters. The long, thin fuselage as well as the broad and high rudder, established a common characteristic with the Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor (tetramotor monoplane used as an airliner, transport, reconnaissance and as a bomber). The monocoque fuselage (1), oval section consisted of four parts that were bolted. The wing, very thin, was built in four sections. The central section, carrying engines, had a slight negative dihedral angle and in was made of four struts. The remaining external, removable sections had three stringers. The main landing gear consisted of two hydraulic drive wheels that retract backward and upward into the engine nacelles and were equipped with electrically operated brakes. As a result of these tests the V1, the Junkers-Hamilton propellers were replaced by new VDM, metal and variable pitch. The Fw 187 V2 second prototype was equipped with a more powerful engine, the Junkers Jumo 210 Ga, with a power of 730 HP and a system of direct fuel injection. The armament was increased to four (4) MG 17 machine guns located two on each side of the cockpit. This prototype was tested in the summer of 1937, but crashed on landing by a fault in one of the legs of the landing gear. Moreover, on May 14, 1938 also it was destroyed the Fw 187 V1 prototype for a bad maneuver pilot Paul Bauer, who was killed in that accident. In the year 1936, Generaloberst Ernst Udet (as Quartermaster General of the Luftwaffe) gave indications for the Fw 187 was built as a two-seater plane and fulfill the role of hunting Zerstörer (destroyer of bombers). V1 and V2 prototypes were already well advanced in its construction, so Kurt Tank began with the third prototype according to the new specifications. Rudolf Blaser redesigned the fuselage, extended cab to put two men, although the narrowness of it, it proved impossible to locate any defensive weapons. In this regard, the second member of the crew was on duty as a navigator, radio operator and observer. offensive weaponry was changed replacing two of the MG 17 machine guns for 2 (two) guns MG FF (acronym for MaschineGewehr FlügelFest; derived from Swiss cannon Oerlikon FF F, whose license had been bought by the German company Ikaria Werke Berlin), with a 20 mm caliber. each 20x80 ammunition and firing rate of 520 rounds per minute. The prototype Fw 187 V3 (D-ORHP) was tested in the spring of 1938, but in one of his first test flights suffered a fire in the starboard engine and damaged its landing gear during the emergency landing that followed. Two additional two-seater prototypes were manufactured during 1938 (similar to V3), the Fw 187 V4 (D-OSNP) and the Fw 187 V5 (D-OTGN), all powered by the engine Junkers Jumo 210 Ga. The final prototype, the Fw 187 V6 (D-Ciny) received the Daimler-Benz DB 600A engine, 12 cylinder "V" and a power of 910 HP. It was equipped with a cooling system evaporative surface (no details on the operation and features of this system), but it was not very existoso as the aircraft demonstrated serious problems with cooling. However, in mid-October 1939, the aircraft reached a speed of 636 kph., About 66 kph. faster than the single-engine Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-1 "Emil" which was powered by a higher version of the drive, the Daimler-Benz DB 601 A with a power of 1,100 HP. Unable to incorporate defensive weaponry, the RLM argued that the plane could not be considered as a Zerstörer, but interest in the design remained. Kurt Tank directed studies to make the Fw 187 in a wide variety of new versions as dive bomber, fighter-bomber high altitude and night fighter (version latter which was quickly dismissed by the lack of space in the cabin to locate all radar system). It was also considered equip the aircraft with other versions of Daimler-Benz engine, as the DB 601 or the DB 605. He even thought of the BMW 801 radial. None of these variants was accepted and only received an order to build seven (7) units of pre-production, which were given only three (some sources indicate that nine aircraft pre-production were constructed, but this statement is wrong ). This aircraft was called Focke-Wulf Fw 187 A-0 and was based on the Fw 187 V3 prototype. Although the RLM not considered an Zerstörer, he was qualified, however, as "heavy fighter escort." Its main features were as follows, crew: 2 (two); length: 11.12 meters; height: 3.85 meters; Wingspan: 15.30 meters; alar surface: 30,40 m²; unladen weight: 3,700.00 kilograms; loaded weight: 5,000.00 kilograms; Drive: 2 (two) engines Junkers Jumo 210 Ga (12 cylinder "V" inverted, an output of 730 HP and a system of direct fuel injection developed by engineer August Lichte), top speed: 530.00 Km./ h .; service ceiling: between 10,000 and 12,000 meters; final armament consisted of four (4) MG 17 machine guns located two on each side of the cockpit and 2 (two) MG FF cannons in the bottom of the fuselage. The three Fw A-0 were sent to Norway to be evaluated. The pilots, in their reports, the Fw 187 considered superior to the Messerschmitt Bf 110 in almost every aspect. It has been claimed, inclusive, which succeeded in toppling some fighters and bombers allies, but "mysteriously" were no records of these takedowns. The RLM ordered the immediate return of the Fw A-0, the construction was banned in series of this aircraft and was told Kurt Tank that they should be used as a basis for the development of the Focke-Wulf Ta 154 Moskito. Until today, these directives are incomprehensible, inexplicable and even stupid, to cancel the production of an aircraft that had been clearly superior to the Bf 110. Many have wondered if the designer and builder Willy Messerschmitt had some influence on this ill-advised decision . But this remains in the realm of speculation. One of the A-0 was sent to Denmark in 1942, the Antiaircraft Artillery School in Værløse.

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    Text source: a) Geheimprojekte Schlachtflugzeuge und der Luftwaffe 3. Kampfzerstörer 1935/1945 - Dieter Herwig and Heinz Rode - Motorbuch Verlag; b) The Aero-Modellers-Fighting Aircraft of the Present War (IV) -The Focke-Wulf Fw 187-May-1941 by H. J. Cooper.

    Drawings in black and white: a) No. 1 = Luftwaffe Resource Center - Fighters / Destroyers - A Warbirds Resource Group Site;. No. 2 = http://lmk.vsetin.org/images/clanky/..._falke_003.jpg

    Models Focke-Wulf Fw 187: Focke-Wulf Fw 187A-0 Falcke by Pier Francesco Grizi (Special Hobby 1/72) - Pier Francesco Grizi.
     
  6. Miragedriver
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    Engine and armament proposed on the prototype FOCKE-WULF Fw 187 “FALKE”


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    Junkers Jumo 210 engine: Junkers Jumo 210 - 12-Zylinder V-engine fr-Flugzeuge

    MG 17 machinegun: Wikipedia.

    MG FF cannon: a) No. 1 = Luftwaffe Resource Center - Armamants - A Warbirds Resource Group Site;. b) no. 2 = Wikipedia
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  7. Miragedriver
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    When Kurt Tank went to Argentina he took many designs with him. Including the FOCKE-WULF Fw 187 “FALKE” which later became the IA-30 Ñancu

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    Specifications (I.Ae. 30)

    General characteristics
    Crew: one
    Length: 11.52 m (37 ft 10 in)
    Wingspan: 15 m (49 ft 3 in)
    Height: 5.16 m (16 ft 11 in)
    Wing area: 35.32 m2 (380.2 sq ft)
    Empty weight: 6,208 kg (13,686 lb)
    Gross weight: 7,600 kg (16,755 lb)
    Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Merlin 604 V-12 liquid-cooled piston engines, 1,342 kW (1,800 hp) each

    Performance
    Maximum speed: 740 km/h (460 mph; 400 kn)
    Cruising speed: 500 km/h (311 mph; 270 kn)
    Range: 2,700 km (1,678 mi; 1,458 nmi)
    Endurance: 5 hrs 25 min
    Service ceiling: 8,000 m (26,247 ft)
    Wing loading: 215 kg/m2 (44 lb/sq ft)
    Power/mass: 0.353 kW/kg (0.215 hp/lb)

    Armament
    6 × 20 mm cannons
    1 × 250 kg bomb (under fuselage)
    10 × rockets (under wings)

    Aircraft Specification from: Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I.Ae._30_Ñancú
     
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    PROJECT "Messerschmitt Me 509”

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    The "Messerschmitt Me 509" was a fighter aircraft project based on the Me 309. However for there is very little information available on it. Its construction would be totally metal. The propulsion plant would be located behind the cockpit. This cabin, pressurized, was then near the nose of the aircraft. Its landing gear would tricycle. The propulsion would be generated by a Daimler-Benz DB 605B engine to give movement to a three-blade variable pitch propeller. The weapons were conceived 2 (two) guns Mauser MG 151/20 20 mm. and 2 (two) MG 131 machine guns of 13 mm. Length: 9.94 meters. Height: 3.98 meters. Wingspan: 11.27 meters. Estimated speed: 760.00 kph. While this project never left the drawing board, you may be granted the license of the Japanese who built for use by the Imperial Navy, an aircraft redesigned by Shirō Otsuki, the "Yokosuka R2Y Keiun", whose first flight occurred on May 8, 1945 but suffered engine overheating problems.

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    Text source: Luft '46 - WWII German aircraft projects

    Black and white drawings plane: Luft'46.

    Color drawings Messerschmitt Me 509: http://www.kleuser.eu/graphwindow.ph...41&language=en; d) Roland Sachsenhofer / Messerschmitt Me 509 A-0, 1:48 Trumpeter von Roland Sachsenhofer.

    Yokosuka R2Y Keiun: Wikipedia.
     
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    PROJECT "Heinkel P.1080”

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    This interceptor "Heinkel P.1080" was designed near the end of WWII. Lorin ramjet two-Rohr, 900 mm. diameter each, were mounted on each side of the fuselage, and therefrom, the wings were born. In this sense, the broad ramjet were exposed to air currents to promote cooling. The cabin was located in the front section of the fuselage along with a radar unit and two MK 108 30mm cannon. The initial propulsion for takeoff and for the ignition of the ramjet, was achieved with the help of four solid fuel rockets with 1,000 kg. thrust each. An expellable nacelle was used for the takeoff of the aircraft. The landing was made on an extendable skate. Length: 8.15 meters. Estimated speed: 1000 km / h.

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    Text source: Luft '46 - WWII German aircraft projects
    Color drawings (from "Luft'46 Art Images")
    Photographs model of the plane: Motion models Models Ready to display 1-800-866-3172
     
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  10. Miragedriver
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    Reminds me a little of the buccaneer

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