China's Westward One Belt One Road Strategy

Discussion in 'Strategic Defense' started by tidalwave, Sep 29, 2016.

  1. Jura
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    Jura General

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    now I read
    Next Hambantota? Welcome to the Chinese-funded US$1.4 billion Port City Colombo in Sri Lanka
    • The building of a Hong Kong-style metropolis on reclaimed land in Colombo using US$1.4 billion of Chinese money sits uneasily with some Sri Lankans
    • They are still smarting from the loss of sovereignty involved in their last encounter with what critics call Beijing’s ‘debt diplomacy’
    Updated: 2:37pm, 12 May, 2019 https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/geop...welcome-chinese-funded-us14-billion-port-city
    ... goes on below due to size limit
     
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  2. Jura
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    Jura General

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    the rest of https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/geop...welcome-chinese-funded-us14-billion-port-city
    :
    graphics from inside of that article:
    [​IMG]
     
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  3. Jura
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    Jura General

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    now I read
    News Analysis: CPEC not "debt-trap" but development schema for Pakistan
    Xinhua| 2019-05-26 10:30:05 http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-05/26/c_138090449.htm

     
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  4. Jura
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    now I read
    Clearing misunderstanding on BRI imperative for China
    Source:Global Times Published: 2019/6/20 22:48:40
    http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1155109.shtml

     
  5. Jura
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    now I skimmed over
    Activists renew calls for controversial US$50 billion Nicaragua Canal project to be cancelled as Chinese tycoon’s cash runs dry
    • A deal signed between the Nicaraguan government and HKND Group includes a clause which would allow parts of the project to be cancelled this year
    • But human rights advocates worry President Daniel Ortega’s administration may still push for the project, which aims to rival the Panama Canal
    https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/geop...ew-calls-controversial-us50-billion-nicaragua

    (not in the mood for Comrade Noriega)
     
  6. gelgoog
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    gelgoog Senior Member
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    You want a debt trap? Go get money from the IMF. They'll demand you to sell off state assets, change labor laws, cut pensions, etc.
    So far I have seen self-contained attempts by the Chinese when someone can't pay back by either forgiving some of the debt, converting it into a time limited lease of the construction to the Chinese lender, or something like that.

    Seems quite benign as far as lending practices of these volumes go to me.
     
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  7. gelgoog
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    gelgoog Senior Member
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    There are other less expensive proposals. Plus with the trade sanctions it is likely world commerce will decrease.
    This makes another American canal less viable I think.
    What China should do, I think, is fund a canal in South East Asia to bypass Singapore.
    It is too crowded as it is.

    The Japanese also had plans to do such a canal, but then their economy imploded.
     
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  8. Tam
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    Tam Senior Member
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    A new shipping belt --- and probably why China needs to make up with Canada in the long run. Ironically, the US wanting the North West Passage to be declared an International Passageway might be in China's favor. Nonetheless, someone still has to patrol it with planes and ships, otherwise sinking ships would have no rescue available.

    On to the Great White North.

     
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  9. Dolcevita
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    Dolcevita Junior Member

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    Norwegian Salmon on way to Xian, China starting in sept/oct. Three timely events that will make Norwegian salmon more competitive.

    (1) Russia has lifted its's ban on transit traffic for a range of products that were previously sanctioned. Avoiding need for air transport which is costly.
    (2) Shipping from Finland, which has the same broad gauge as the CIS states, the train only needs to switch to another railway gauge once,
    (3) The additional tariff on American salmon from sept will also make Norwegian salmon competitive and abundant.

    https://www.railfreight.com/beltandroad/2019/07/30/fresh-norwegian-salmon-on-the-train-to-china/

    Fresh Norwegian salmon on the train to China
    Published on 30-07-2019 at 08:00
    By the end of this year fresh salmon from Norway will be transported to China by rail. This will be done through Russia, which now permits the transit of previously sanctioned products through its territory. Micael Blom, railway consultant in the Nordic countries is fully engaged with this groundbreaking new supply chain.

    The journey of the salmon starts in Narvik, in the north of Norway. From here it is transported across the Nordic countries via Boden, Haparanda/Tornio and finally to Kouvola. In this Finish town just kilometres away from Russia, a railway connection to China is already up and running. However, fish could not be transported until now.

    Ban lifted
    Effective per 1 July, Russia has lifted the ban on transit traffic for a range of products that were previously sanctioned. This includes agricultural products and foodstuffs. The measure is subjective to certain conditions and a lot remains unclear, but that does not stop Blomster and his partner Railgate Finland in Kouvala from planning the first journey. “We expect to make the first shipment by September/October”, said Blomster.

    There is a huge demand for salmon in China. This demand is currently met by air transport. Around 30,000 tonne of salmon is shipped from Helsinki to China per year. This can all be done by train, which is much cheaper, Blomster aruges.

    Nordic Silk Road
    That rail is an ideal transport solution to China occured to Kouvola Innovation Oy, operator of the terminal in Finland several years ago. Kouvala is located in the south-east of the country. A cargo train is on Russian territory within an hour and from there, it could take various routes to multiple locations in China, or even Japan. The route operational at the moment leads though Kazakhstan and terminates in Xi’an. This rail freight service is offered in both directions almost every week.

    When taking this route into Europe, the journey from China takes only 12 to 14 days. And that is not only because of its strategic location. Finland has the same broad gauge as the CIS states, so the train only needs to switch to another railway network once, instead of twice. “We are heavily betting on rail transport to China”, said Managing Director at Kouvola Innovation Oy.

    East-west balance
    At the moment, all kinds of products from the Nordic region are transported to China, such as machinery, wood, wine and beer, Husu explained. But the opening up for previously sanctioned food products offers enormous potential. “We have been working on this for many years.”

    At the same time, a lot of work remains to be done. For example, there will be in imbalance between east- and westbound traffic to the Nordic countries, with the majority of the containers travelling eastwards. “We will need more cargo shipments from China to Finland, in order to get the containers back. At the moment we have more export than import”, said Husu.

    The cooperation between the Nordic countries is focussed on the logistics chain from Norway to Finland. This transport is currently mostly organised by trucks, while a lot could be done by train. This requires a huge modal shift, but it also requires technical solutions. “There is a different railway gauge in Narvik and Haparanda”, Husu explained.

    Temperature control
    A more practical consideration is temperature control along the journey, and this is something that is already in development. The technology from BluWrap should ensure that the fish stays fresh all the way, explained Blomster.

    The technology company uses oxygen management techniques to create and maintain an all-natural, controlled atmosphere environment that suspends time. In this way fresh fish and other proteins can be transported virtually anywhere in the world without the need for ice, environmentally harmful polystyrene, or expensive airfreight.

    Russian authorities
    While all these factors are carefully taken care of by the ambitious railway partners, there is still a lot of ambiguity around the new legislation announced in Russia. The Russian government is opening a special department that will handle all transit traffic through Russia. Before we can send a shipment, this must have the approval of this department. The department was set up in the second week of July and we do not know how and when this department will start functioning”, said Blomster.

    Similarly, the necessary arrangements will have to be done in China, as not every product may enter China in every province. There are rules about this and sometimes products are first sent to the customs authorities of another province, before they can be forwarded to their final destination. For this new type of products, new rules will have to be formed”, explained Xinyao Zhang from logistics company GVT Intermodal.
     
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  10. supercat
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    supercat Junior Member

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    https://www.petroleum-economist.com...hina-and-iran-flesh-out-strategic-partnership
     
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