China's Westward One Belt One Road Strategy

Discussion in 'Strategic Defense' started by tidalwave, Sep 29, 2016.

  1. Jura
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    now the tweet related to Zimbabwe: https://twitter.com/PDChina/status/1044384538732851201
    People's Daily,China‏Verified account @PDChina 6h6 hours ago




    #Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa on Sunday dismissed claims that his country may fall into a debt trap by China, saying a large portion of Harare's debt to Beijing was for projects which generate revenue to service the loans

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  2. SamuraiBlue
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  3. Equation
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    Equation Lieutenant General

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    So why don't Japanese war hawks heed to the wise words from this retired Japanese Navy admiral? China's peaceful development so far does not require bloody regime changes in the region. OBOR benefits for everyone involved and anyone can join the China led project if they choose to do so.o_O

    o_O
     
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  4. SamuraiBlue
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  5. Hendrik_2000
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    A transcontinental expressway linking China's Yellow Sea coast with Western Europe has fully opened to traffic. The 8,445km-long highway connects dozens of cities in China, Kazakhstan and Russia, cutting cargo transport time from 45 days by sea to 10 days by land.
     
  6. Hendrik_2000
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    Another rail line open from Qinghai to Russia. China is well prepared for any attempt to choke off Malacca strait

    A new China-Europe freight train line was launched Tuesday, linking Delingha, northwest China's Qinghai Province, with Russia. The first train, loaded with chemical containers, will leave China through the Alataw Pass in Xinjiang and pass through Kazakhstan before reaching Barnaul in Russia. The trip covers 4,345 km and takes about 12 days.

     
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  7. Hendrik_2000
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    Via Taishang
    New railway set to fuel Tibet’s economy, trade with India and Nepal: experts

    By Li Xuanmin Source:Global Times Published: 2018/10/11 22:28:40


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    The last T-shaped girder is installed on the Lhasa-Ya'an highway bridge at the Chengdu-Ya'an section of the Sichuan-Tibet railway in Southwest China's Sichuan Province in April. Photo: IC

    The construction of the Sichuan-Tibet railway, dubbed the world's most challenging railway, will have a big influence in boosting Tibet's integration into South Asia and the China-proposed Belt and Road initiative (BRI), as well as facilitating its trade connectivity with China's developed regions, industry observers said on Thursday.

    The comments came after Chinese President Xi Jinping called for the full launch of the planning and construction of the 1,700-kilometer Sichuan-Tibet railway at a meeting held on Wednesday, the Xinhua News Agency reported.

    The meeting emphasized that the railway, which will run from Chengdu, capital of Southwest China's Sichuan Province, to Lhasa, capital of Southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region, will promote ethnic solidarity, safeguard national unity and consolidate the stability of the frontier, as well as bolstering Tibet's economic and social development, the report said.

    The 250-billion-yuan ($36.16 billon) railway, which will have a designated speed of between 160 and 200 kilometers per hour, is expected to be completed by 2026, media reports said.

    The line will go through the southeast of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, one of the world's most geologically active areas, which also has sharp changes in terrain. This means the construction of the railway line will have to overcome substantial risks.

    Long Xingchun, an associate professor at China West Normal University, told the Global Times on Thursday that the railway could fuel Tibet's economic growth because it will connect Tibet with Sichuan, whose transportation network is also linked with other southwestern regions as well as more developed central and eastern regions such as the Yangtze River Economic Zone and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

    Upon completion, the travel time by train from Chengdu to Lhasa will reportedly be cut from 48 hours to about 13 hours.

    "The shortened travel time will enable faster movement of goods and people between Tibet and wealthy regions of China, injecting new vigor into Tibet's economy," said Sun Zhang, a rail expert and professor at Shanghai Tongji University.

    The project will also provide the second rail line into Tibet after the Qinghai-Tibet Railway.

    But Long noted that the new railway will offer more significant benefits than the first rail line.

    Unlike Northwest China's Qinghai Province, which is relatively undeveloped, Sichuan is Tibet's most affluent neighbor, and is the center of China's southwest regions with a dynamic and vibrant economic structure. "So its economic radiation effect to Tibet will be much stronger," Sun told the Global Times.

    It is also necessary to construct the railway so that goods can move quickly along the route without being affected by weather conditions, Long said.

    "Every year, the Sichuan-Tibet highway is closed for up to six months due to natural disasters, blocking Tibet's trade connectivity with inland China," Long added.

    In the long term, the railway could also potentially boost Tibet's tourism revenue as well as driving investment in its real economy, which will help bridge the gap between the country's western regions and those in the east, Sun noted.

    Opening up more

    Experts also pointed out that the railway can help Tibet play the role of an "intermediary" between Southwest China and South Asian countries such as Nepal and India. "The region could then utilize resources from home and abroad to drive its economy," Long said.

    At the same time, more Chinese tourists will be eager to travel by train to South Asia and goods from northern India and Nepal can be shipped to China more quickly, helping the two nations to tap the Chinese market.

    The prospect of connecting with South Asia is promising, as the railway line from Lhasa to Tibet's Xigaze, as part of an extension of the Qinghai-Tibet railway, was put into use in 2014. Meanwhile, the China-Nepal railway, which will link Nepal's capital Kathmandu with Xigaze, is expected to be completed by 2022.

    Sun noted the integration into Sichuan's transportation network will open up more opportunities for Tibet to participate in and benefit from the BRI.

    Chengdu operates multiple China-Europe freight trains, making it possible for Tibet to transport goods to Europe via the route. The region could also send goods to ports in South China's Guangdong Province, taking advantage of the Maritime Silk Road.


    Newspaper headline: Major rail boost for Tibet


    Posted in: ECONOMY
     
  8. Jura
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    I briefly looked at the route and the border crossing area is at elevation of only about 1400 m (4600 ft) OK assuming it'd be https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rasuwa_Fort area:
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  9. Hendrik_2000
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    Heart warming story when China is strong there is peace and prosperity in Asia when China is weak there is trouble in Asia. Compare to middle east Asia is now in peace and reaching for prosperity
    Instead of regime change ,revolution, war, dislocation, refugee China built road, LRT, power plant bettering people life
    Xinhua Headlines: Chinese companies bring warmth, convenience to Central Asian people
    Source: Xinhua| 2018-10-13 17:01:33|Editor: Xiang Bo



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    Aerial photo taken on Oct. 9, 2018 shows the Dushanbe No. 2 thermal power station in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. (Xinhua/Zhang Ruoxuan)

    By Xinhua Writers Shi Hao, Liao Bingqing

    DUSHANBE, Oct. 13 (Xinhua) -- Muyassar Sadykova, 56, cannot remember how many cold and dark winters she had "lived through and suffered" in the Tajik capital until a new thermal power plant was put into service two years ago.

    "We used to wear lots of clothes and light up a stove ... Thank God, our apartment has become warm and comfortable this year," she said cheerfully.

    She recalled the tough days when there was no light, no heating and no hot water. "It was very difficult for us before. We even threw in the stove old shoes and rubbish as there was nothing else to burn," Sadykova groaned.

    Now, with another winter drawing near, living in a cozy three-room apartment with her son, the Dushanbe native said she is grateful for the better life brought by the stable operation of the central heating system that came into use in November 2016.

    SENDING WARMTH

    Tajikistan suffered for years a severe power shortage in winter as the country used to rely on hydropower that goes down drastically during the dry season, thus a limited use of electricity and heating is quite common across the country.

    In 2011, the Tajik government and China's TBEA energy company jointly launched the project of the Dushanbe-2 thermal power station, a combined heat and power plant with a total installed capacity of 400 megawatts.

    Completed in 2016, the station now meets 60 percent of the power demand here. At the same time, the plant enabled the restart of central heating for more than 700,000 Dushanbe residents after 15 years of suspension.

    "The completion of the Dushanbe-2 thermal power station has solved the country's long-existing problem of power shortages in winter," said Wang Jian, director of the TBEA office in Tajikistan.

    Wang stressed that the project uses latest technologies to cut pollution and reduce environmental impact to the lowest.

    BUILDING ROADS

    While people in Dushanbe are embracing another winter of warmth and light, commuters in the Kazakh capital of Astana are expecting a much easier trip from home to office as the sometimes nightmarish traffic in the city during the rush hours is likely to be improved.

    The China Railway No. 2 Group, the China Construction Sixth Engineering Division Corporation and the Beijing Urban Construction Group are busy working on the Astana light rail transit (LRT) project, the first of its kind in Kazakhstan.

    Scheduled to operate in 2020, the 22-km line with 18 stations will run across downtown Astana and connect the city's airport with its new railway station.

    The driverless light rail based on Chinese technology and standards will operate at a speed of about 80 km per hour, transporting about 160,000 people daily, a number that is likely to reach 360,000 in five years.

    "As temperature in Astana can climb up to 40 degrees Celsius in summer and drop up to minus 50 degrees Celsius in winter, the construction of the light rail is no doubt a big challenge," said Xing Daisi, a project manager of the China Railway No. 2 Group, adding that frequent gales also pose a threat to the communication system.

    However, all these problems have been solved by constructors using China's cutting-edge technology in this area.

    For residents in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek, the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) literally means more convenient transportation as the Chinese government is renovating for free 23 streets with a total length of 38 km in the city.

    New technology of rubble mastic asphalt is used and the material will make the roads more durable, water-proof and easy to maintain, said Zhang Xin, who is with the China Road & Bridge Corporation and in charge of the road renovation project, the largest ever in the history of Bishkek.

    The China Road & Bridge Corporation entered the Kyrgyz market in 2001 and has built and renovated roads about 1,600 km long in over 20 projects in the country since then.

    "China today is such a great country. Our relations have been even closer in recent time. As for the economic ties, I think we need each other," said Nurlan Eshenbayev, head of Bishkek's construction management department.

    CREATING JOBS

    The construction of the LRT project has provided about 900 jobs in Kazakhstan. Tasqyn, 26, is one of them.

    "The LRT project under the BRI will help reduce traffic jams and make the city more beautiful," he said, adding that people in Astana will be very proud since it is the first light rail in Central Asia.

    Tasqyn further shared his satisfaction with his job. He said that when he was a boy, he dreamed of becoming a diplomat and establishing friendship between Kazakhstan and other countries. "This job brings me closer to my dream."

    Tasqyn also showed his strong belief in the BRI, which from his perspective will do good to other countries, including Kazakhstan. "Everybody knows China's economy has been growing rapidly in recent years," he noted.

    Meanwhile, more than 600 local employees are working at the Dushanbe-2 thermal power station and many of them received training in China.

    Hikmataullo Zoirov, now a deputy head of the boiler and turbine floor, was trained in 2012 in China, where "the best" specialist in heating boilers taught them not only theories but also practice.

    "I think what the Chinese have built here for us is nothing but friendship," said the 30-year-old engineer.

    (Xinhua writers Zhang Ruoxuan, Li Dongxu also contributed to the story)
     
    #369 Hendrik_2000, Oct 13, 2018
    Last edited: Oct 13, 2018
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  10. Franklin
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    China's private mercenaries are going international with the BRI projects.

    http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/1...ng-security-on-the-belt-and-road/#more-150820
     
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