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Chinese military terminology WWII

This is a discussion on Chinese military terminology WWII within the Military History forums, part of the China Defense & Military category; Hi everyone, I'm an Australian and I'm researching the Sino-Japanese war in relation to WWII. However, my Mandarin is very ...

  1. #1
    ADG_Wraith is offline New Member
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    Chinese military terminology WWII

    Hi everyone,

    I'm an Australian and I'm researching the Sino-Japanese war in relation to WWII. However, my Mandarin is very basic and I can't read most of the traditional characters used at the time.

    Can anyone help me out with common military terms from the time (I don't mind if there is a difference between CCP and KMT terminology, as long as whoever posts it tells me which it is!)

    Terms that I am most after:
    Platoon
    Company
    Battalion
    Infantry
    Artillery
    AT Gun
    Machine Gun
    Tank/Armour
    Armoured car
    Aircraft (Ground attack varieties)
    Mortar
    Cavalry

    Any help would be appreciated, and if there are any more terms that are common, I'd love to hear them. There's unfortunately not many references to Chinese involvement in WWII outside of the Flying Tigers and Gen Stillwell, and the Americans are notorious for not detailing their allies' involvement!

    Cheers guys!

  2. #2
    lightspeed is offline Member
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    Re: Chinese military terminology WWII

    Quote Originally Posted by ADG_Wraith View Post
    I'm an Australian and I'm researching the Sino-Japanese war in relation to WWII. However, my Mandarin is very basic and I can't read most of the traditional characters used at the time.

    Can anyone help me out with common military terms from the time (I don't mind if there is a difference between CCP and KMT terminology, as long as whoever posts it tells me which it is!)
    the terms were different back then?

    try google translate.

  3. #3
    ABC78's Avatar
    ABC78 is offline Junior Member
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    Re: Chinese military terminology WWII

    Here are some books to checkout that have most of the terms your looking for as well as ranks.

    The Chinese Army 1937–49
    http://www.ospreypublishing.com/stor..._9781841769042

    The Chinese People’s Liberation Army since 1949
    Osprey Publishing - The Chinese People

    Chinese Civil War Armies 1911–49
    Osprey Publishing - Chinese Civil War Armies 1911

    Chinese Warlord Armies 1911–30
    Osprey Publishing - Chinese Warlord Armies 1911

    The Chinese Civil War 1945–49
    Osprey Publishing - The Chinese Civil War 1945

    Here's the Chinese translator I use.
    Translate - MDBG English to Chinese dictionary

    Or watch more Chinese War movies that's how I learned to pick out some of the words.
    Last edited by ABC78; 01-09-2013 at 05:57 AM. Reason: forgot to add something

  4. #4
    ahadicow is offline Member
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    Re: Chinese military terminology WWII

    just eyeballing


    Platoon 排
    Company 连
    Battalion 旅
    Infantry 步兵
    Artillery 火炮
    AT Gun 反坦克炮
    Machine Gun 机枪
    Tank/Armour 坦克
    Armoured car 装甲车
    Aircraft (Ground attack varieties) 飞行器 (对地攻击型)
    Mortar 迫击炮
    Cavalry 轻骑兵

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