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chinese small arms thread

This is a discussion on chinese small arms thread within the Army forums, part of the China Defense & Military category; Originally Posted by isthvan Thanks mate. I little odd that they didn’t make shortened version of type81… Probably this was ...

  1. #46
    RedMercury is offline Junior Member
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Quote Originally Posted by isthvan
    Thanks mate. I little odd that they didn’t make shortened version of type81… Probably this was cheaper…
    Probably. These non-combat guards don't need something like a type-81. Probably lots of manufacturing lines tooled for type-56, and conversion to type-56c is easy compared to conversinon to type-81, since the mechanism is somewhat different. Also, there's no bolt hold-open on the 56 compared to 81, so maybe partly for commonality of existing magazines. This new carbine looks spiffy and the shooting reviews for it are not bad (iirc, somewhat better recoil than type-56ii). The biggest complaint the reviewer had were sharp edges that could cut.

  2. #47
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    I dont see why they would have a Carbine version of the Type 81. Although the barrels are the same length, the stocks for most modern Type 81 rifles are folding.

  3. #48
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Dear Guys,

    It seems to me that the initial controversy over the adoption of the Type 95 versus the older Type 81 came when the older users tried out the new rifle. Aside from the usual teething problems when you introduce a new piece of ordnance (or any military gear for that matter) there was the fact that at the same time they introduced a new cartridge (the 5.8 mm) to go with it.

    What follows is just my humble opinion.

    An experienced rifleman, coming from the Type 81 rifle firing the 7.62x39 mm Bloc cartridge will experience relatively weak blast effect during firing due to the following : 1) the intermediate cartridge has less propellant, 2) the Type 81 barrel is longer than its predecessor the AK-47 and, 3) the conventional layout means that the muzzle is farther away from his face.

    When that person switches to the Type 95 rifle, he will experience typically more muzzle blast due to: 1) the choice of a magnum cartridge with more propellant, 2) the smaller calibre hence a higher operating pressure, and 3) the bull-pup layout, ensuring that the muzzle is much closer to his face.

    As the greater blast effect is a new experience to him, he will probably flinch and this will effect his accuracy and his comfort with the weapon. Also in the bull-pup layout, the distance between the front and rear sights is less than in a conventional layout and as a result, accuracy (over open sights) is typically less.

    The advantages of the bull-pup layout is a shorter weapon (invaluable in close quarters like the interior of an APC/IFV) and less weight for the same barrel length. That is you get a more compact weapon, and the weight saved can go into other things like more ammunition, etc.

    The choice of a small calibre bullet (the 5.8 mm) would in most circumstances result in improved accuracy as the lighter, smaller bullet would have a flatter trajectory and would generate less recoil. The layout also produces straight-line recoil with less muzzle jump. Unless of course you have soldiers flinching when they shoot. The smaller calibre has another virtue - it is cheaper to make than the larger one.

    Like many issues with regards to small arms, taste and individual preference enter into consideration. I believe that when a generation of soldiers with no experience with the Type 81 rifle enter into service, the will find the characteristics of the Type 95 to be perfectly normal.

    Best Regards

    Dusky Lim

  4. #49
    Nethappy's Avatar
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Nicely said duskylim.

    But I disagree with you.. when u said accuracy is typically less with open sights, it really depend on the user. I'm actually more accuracy when I am using a bullpup.

  5. #50
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Good post indeed, duskylim.

    Although my opinion regarding accuracy is that the "problems" with the bullpup configuration are mostly teething problems. Unless the design of the gun itself is inherently flawed, I'd assume a good soldier is able to put a bullet where he wants it as long as he knows where the sights are referring to...

    Which brings me to my question. How big is the difference in (open) sights between bullpup and standard configuration? I'm guessing maybe at the most 10~20 centimeters which probably wouldn't make *too* much of a difference at most combat distances... but as I really don't have much experience with bullpup rifles (with open sights) it's just an educated guess.

  6. #51
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Well, actually the difference on the open sights between bullpup and standard configuration wouldn't have much effective within it effective combat range. As they a both limited to the person visual range any thing longer would require a sight. In most cases the bullpup would provide better performance over the standard configuration when using open sights due to it better handling at close range.

  7. #52
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Dear Guys,

    Thanks for the compliments. Much appreciated. I wish to clarify my "accuracy" over open sights statement. This is what I mean. Generally the accuracy of a weapon is greater if the distance between the front and rear sight is larger.

    Why?

    Rifles are direct-fire weapons. You see the target, point-and-shoot. The image size of the front sight is larger if it is closer to the rear sight. This is because it takes up more of your field-of-view. Thus it will appear both wider/thicker if up-close than farther away. The consequence of this is it appears thicker when placed on the target, so you have more room for lateral (side-to-side) error.

    It the heat of combat (which fortunately I've never really experienced - I'm from the artillery and a bad shot to boot!) accurate sight placement is thus less than if the front sight were a little farther away (where it would appear to be finer/thinner). So therefore, the closer together your sights, the less the inherent accuracy. See the point?

    Of course there are two possible fixes.

    The first is to make the front sight finer/thinner, the limitation being strength and ruggedness, too fine or thin and it might break.

    The second is to make the rear aperture smaller, reducing the alignment error. The problem with that, is the resultant smaller sight picture, you can't see much of anything around the target, making quick placement on target (registration) more difficult.

    Generally its all about compromise. No one solution is perfect. The conventional layout just allows you to keep the sights farther apart than the bullpup design. But the bullpup design has advantages of it's own. The designer has to decide for himself which of these is most important.

    Best Regards,

    Dusky Lim

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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Mate. I am from the infantry. It doesn't make much different when ya using the open sight, it just take getting use too. There not really much of an arguement here cos I know people who I served with would perfer standard configuration. Nevertheless, as I said again the different in the open sight shouldn't make much differnet to a trained infantry within it effective range, and it almost a stardand prastise dat sights are attached on rifle nowaday anyway.

  9. #54
    without one is offline New Member
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Don't know if this is already old news.....new sniper for the PLA being tested:

    M99 12.7mm semi automatic sniper







    Bore diameter :12.7mm
    velocity :800m/s
    efective range :1300m
    weight:12.5kg
    lenght:1480mm
    armor penitration:10mm

    bullet for M99:



    It says:this can do quite a lot of damage

  10. #55
    Bueller is offline New Member
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    That looks more like a 50 BMG instead of Russian 12.7 x 107mm. Can someone confirm that?

  11. #56
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    I would not be surprised if it was the NATO round, since (if I am correct) this gun is copied or derived from a Western gun, and the Russian round is a purely MG round, and has very poor accuracy. (If you check out most of Russia's .50 sniper rifle, their range is only 300m. The VSSK Exhaust, which is silenced, has a 600m range but it has a newly designed bullet.) I don't think this will become a logistical problem for China either since it has so many resources and NORICO has made many copies of Western firearms, M-16, M-4 and P-226.

    PS. Bad camouflage!

    I want Asia on my front porch and America as my backyard.
    Disclaimer: By America, I meant the Continent. And yes, I know Asian homes have neither a backyard nor a porch in the American sense.

  12. #57
    without one is offline New Member
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Quote Originally Posted by sumdud
    I would not be surprised if it was the NATO round, since (if I am correct) this gun is copied or derived from a Western gun, and the Russian round is a purely MG round, and has very poor accuracy. (If you check out most of Russia's .50 sniper rifle, their range is only 300m. The VSSK Exhaust, which is silenced, has a 600m range but it has a newly designed bullet.) I don't think this will become a logistical problem for China either since it has so many resources and NORICO has made many copies of Western firearms, M-16, M-4 and P-226.

    PS. Bad camouflage!
    I think you are right sumdud,Lately chinese system have been trying to adopt a lot of western ideas into our exsiting soviet systems to compensate the flaws of soviet systems.

    By the way,a question for the military pros:

    why the muzzle for snipers sometimes looks like this?Is it for accuracy or reducing sound?


  13. #58
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Dear Sir:

    That device you see on the end of the sniper rifle's barrel is a baffle-type (sorry my mistake - I previously wrote cage-type and that clearly is not the case) muzzle brake. Its purpose is to reduce the amount of recoil by deflecting a portion of the propellant gases backwards.

    It was first used generally during the second world war on high velocity anti-tank or field pieces, like the German 75 mm anti-tank gun (Pak) or the Russian standard 76 mm field gun. One was also mounted on the PZKW VI (Tiger Tank's) 88 mm gun.

    The post-war American 90 mm gun on the M-47/M-48 (Patton?) tanks features a unique and prominent T-piece type of muzzle brake. Strangely enough although rather beneficial, its use (except on field artillery weapons) has declined lately.

    In the case of modern tanks (armour), the reason is due to the adoption of discarding-sabot ammunition, the close fitting muzzle brake tends to interfere with the separation of the sabot with disastrous consequences.

    The brake allows the gun's recoil assembly to be reduced in size and weight. This is particularly critical for an individual weapon like a heavy caliber sniper rifle, which for mobility/portability/simplicity/reliability cannot have a heavy recoil assembly.

    Unfortunately one of the consequences of its use is back-blast. This is because to be effective/efficient the propellant gases have to be deflected almost straight backwards (with unfortunate consequences for the gunners!).

    As is usual in most engineering design, it's use involves some compromise.

    Best Regards,

    Dusky Lim

    PS: Cute girl! Now why aren't the spotters in our army that good looking?
    Last edited by duskylim; 07-10-2006 at 07:54 AM.

  14. #59
    RedMercury is offline Junior Member
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    That weapon was described in a magazine (QBQ?) a bit back. Uses latest technology and human interface ideas, however its accuracy is still somewhat less than the latest Barret .50 cal rifles. The article said that a dedicated anti-material sniper round with better accuracy was under development.

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    without one is offline New Member
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    Re: chinese small arms thread

    Quote Originally Posted by duskylim
    Dear Sir:

    That device you see on the end of the sniper rifle's barrel is a baffle-type (sorry my mistake - I previously wrote cage-type and that clearly is not the case) muzzle brake. Its purpose is to reduce the amount of....

    Thank you duskylim for the info,I alway thought it was for reducing sound or something unimportant,I never realized it had such important use.

    About the spotter,I don't think thats the spotter,It's a reporter interviewing about the new sniper.

    Quote Originally Posted by RedMercury
    That weapon was described in a magazine (QBQ?) a bit back. Uses ....
    I heard my friend(he got some inside knowledge in the PLA) talk about this anti-material sniper round too...he says the PLA is going to standardize the next genaration of small arms,including bullets etc in the following stages of the mordenization programs.This will takes many years,but it is the eventual goal.

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